Feeding Your Newborn: Tips For New Parents

Feeding your newborn: Tips for new parents

One of the most common questions new parents have is how often their baby should eat. The best answer is surprisingly simple: in general, babies should be fed whenever they seem hungry.

How do I know when my baby is hungry?

For babies born prematurely​ or with certain medical conditions, scheduled feedings advised by your pediatrician are best. But for most healthy, full-term infants, parents can look to their baby rather than the clock for hunger cues. This is called feeding on demand, or responsive feeding.

Most newborns need eight to 12 feedings a day — about one feeding every two to three hours.

Hunger cues

A hungry baby often will cry. But it’s best to watch for hunger cues before the baby starts crying, which is a late sign of hunger and can make it hard for them to settle down and eat.

Other typical hunger cues include:

Licking lips

Sticking tongue out

Rooting (moving jaw and mouth or head in search of breast)

Putting his/her hand to mouth repeatedly

Opening her mouth


Sucking on everything around

It is important to realize, however, that every time your baby cries or sucks it is not necessarily because he or she is hungry. Babies suck not only for hunger, but also for comfort; it can be hard at first for parents to tell the difference. Sometimes, your baby just needs to be cuddled or changed.

Stick with breast milk or formula

Breast milk is the ideal food for babies — with rare exceptions. If breast-feeding isn’t possible, use infant formula. Healthy newborns don’t need cereal, water, juice or other fluids.

What are the benefits of breastfeeding?

For your baby

Any amount of breastfeeding is beneficial, even if you choose to provide breastmilk alongside formula.

Breastmilk helps:
improved immunity to many infectious diseases, due to the antibodies in breast milk
support a healthy weight and prevention of obesity
reduce the risk of sudden unexplained death in infancy (SUDI)

For mother

Breastmilk helps:
your uterus contract and return to its pre-pregnant size
prevent a range of health issues such as heart disease, breast and ovarian cancer, and type 2 diabetes

Concerns About Overfeeding or Underfeeding:

Too full?

Babies are usually pretty good at eating the right amount, but they can sometimes take in more than they need. Infants who are bottle feeding may be more likely to overfeed, because drinking from a bottle may take less effort than breastfeeding.

Overfed babies can have stomach pains, gas, spit up or vomit and be at higher risk for obesity later in life. It’s better to offer less, since you can always give more if your baby wants it.

This also gives babies time to realize when they’re full.

If you are concerned your baby wants to eat all the time―even when he or she is full―talk with your pediatrician. Pacifiers may be used after feeding to help sooth healthy-weight babies who like to suck for comfort, rather than nutrition. For babies who are breastfed, it’s best to wait to offer pacifiers until around 3 to 4 weeks of age, when breastfeeding is well-established.

Trouble gaining weight?

Most babies will double their birth weight by 5 months of age and triple their birth weight by their first birthday. If your baby is having trouble gaining weight, don’t wait too long between feeding―even if it means waking your baby. Be sure to talk with your pediatrician about how often and how much to feed your baby.

How do I know if my baby is getting enough to eat?

Daily diapers

A newborn’s diaper is a good indicator of whether he or she is getting enough to eat. In the first few days after birth, a baby should have 2 to 3 wet diapers each day. After the first 4 to 5 days, a baby should have at least 5 to 6 wet diapers a day. Stool frequency is more variable and depends whether your baby is breast or formula fed.

Growth charts

During regular health check-ups, your pediatrician will check your baby’s weight and plot it on a growth chart. Your baby’s progress on the growth chart is one way to tell whether or not he or she is getting enough food. Babies who stay in healthy growth percentile ranges are probably getting a healthy amount of food during feedings.

Top tips for deciding how to feed your baby

Speak with your maternity care provider about what’s right for you. Try not to make any firm decisions until after your baby is born.

Understand that breastfeeding is a skill that every mother and baby can learn, and it can take time to build confidence and to get to know each other.

Only you know what’s right for you and your baby. If you give your baby the nutrition they need, you don’t need to justify which option you choose.

Be patient with yourself and your baby as you both learn what’s involved in feeding.

Remember, what’s important is that your baby is content and gets the nutrition they need to grow and thrive.

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How To Bath A New Born

Until the baby starts getting down and dirty on the ground, a daily bath isn’t needed. In fact, your newborn baby will only really need a bath two or three times a week — at first a sponge bath, until his umbilical cord stump heals (about one to four weeks after birth), then a baby tub bath, and eventually a tub bath, when baby can sit up on his own and outgrows the infant tub).

There’s nothing cuter than seeing a baby splashing in the bath, soapy suds dotting his chubby folds and dimples.

How often to give your newborn a bath

A bath 2-3 times a week is enough to keep your newborn clean. But if your baby really likes baths, your baby can bath once a day. Bathing more than this can dry out your baby’s skin.

You can keep your baby’s genitals clean between baths by using warm water and cotton wool.

About 5-10 minutes is long enough for a newborn bath. This is especially important if your baby has dry or sensitive skin.

When to give your newborn a bath

You can bath your baby at any time of the day. It’s a good idea to pick a time when you’re relaxed and you won’t be interrupted. And it’s best to avoid bathing your baby when the baby is hungry or straight after a feed.

If bathing relaxes your baby, you can use it as a way to settle your baby for sleep in the evening.

Where to bathe your newborn

You can give your newborn a bath in a small plastic bath or even in the kitchen sink. The kitchen sink might be easiest in the first few weeks. A plastic baby bath is probably easier once your baby gets bigger.

You can bath your baby in any room that’s warm, safe and clean – it doesn’t have to be a bathroom.

You can also shower with your baby. Keep your baby’s face away from the pouring water and make sure to use warm, not hot, water

Setting up a newborn bath

Here’s how to get ready for a newborn bath:

Take the phone off the hook or turn your phone off while bathing your baby. You’ll be less likely to get distracted.

Make sure you have everything you need within reach – for example, towel, washcloth, cream or ointment, clean clothes and clean nappy.

Avoid using soap because this will dry out your baby’s skin. If needed, use a fragrance-free oil or a gentle non-soap cleanser at the end of the bath.

Position the bath somewhere stable and at a height where you can comfortably hold your baby.

Fill the bath with just enough warm water to wash your baby. Use jugs of water to fill the bath if you’re planning to bath your baby away from the tap.

Take off your watch and jewellery and wash your hands.

Check the water temperature is 37-38°C before you put your baby in the bath. If you don’t have a thermometer, use your wrist or elbow to test the temperature – it should be comfortably warm, not hot.

Before bathing your baby in a sink, briefly run cold water through the tap once you’ve finished filling the bath.

Don’t add extra water while your baby is in the bath.

Giving your newborn a bath

These steps make bathing your newborn easy:

Before undressing your baby, wipe their eyelids (from inner eye to outer eye) with cotton wool dipped in lukewarm water. Squeeze out extra water. Use a new piece of cotton wool for each wipe.

Then wash the whole face. Be careful not to put anything into your baby’s ears or nose.

Undress your baby, taking the nappy off last.

Cradle your baby’s head and shoulders with one arm and support their body with your other arm. Gently lower your baby into the bath, feet first, keeping a close hold at all times.

Supporting your baby’s head, lay your baby down in the bath so the back of their head is in the water. Gently splash some water onto their head. You don’t need to use shampoo.

Gently wash your baby’s genitals and bottom last, using water only. Also clean out any bits of poo, vomit or milk from your baby’s body creases.

Drying and dressing your newborn after a bath

Here’s how to take your newborn out of the bath, ready for drying and dressing:

Supporting your baby’s head and neck, lift your baby out of the bath then place them on their back on a clean, dry, soft towel. If possible, dry your baby on the floor so they can’t fall. If you’re changing your baby on a raised surface like a table, keep one hand on your baby at all times.

Wrap your baby in a soft towel and pat baby dry. Dry baby’s skin creases, including armpits, groin, under the chin, around the neck and behind the ears.

If your baby’s skin is dry, apply a non-perfumed cream or ointment to your baby’s skin.

If your baby has nappy rash, apply a thick barrier cream like zinc paste to the nappy area.

Dress your baby, putting their nappy on first.

Place your baby in a safe place, like a cot or bassinet.

Empty the bath water.

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5 Simple Pregnancy Exercise

During pregnancy, you are doing what seems almost unimaginable—you are growing another human being inside you. And, because of this herculean task, you may be tempted to spend most of your downtime relaxing on the couch. However, there are countless benefits for both mom and baby to maintain a fitness routine through pregnancy (once approved by your doctor).

Staying active can decrease many of the common aches and pains that come along with pregnancy. It may help you sleep better, increase your blood circulation (reducing swelling and the likelihood of varicose veins), and boost your energy levels as you are in a constant battle against pregnancy fatigue.

1. Stationary cycling

Cycling on a stationary bike, also called spinning, is safe for most women during pregnancy, including first-time exercisers.

Advantages include:

Cycling helps raise the heart rate while minimizing stress on the joints and pelvis.

The bike helps support body weight.

As the bike is stationary, the risk of falling is low.

Later in pregnancy, a higher handlebar may be more comfortable.

2. Brisk walking

If pre pregnancy exercise levels were low, a quick stroll around the neighborhood is a good way to start.

This activity has several advantages:

It provides a cardiovascular workout with relatively little impact on the knees and ankles.

If women start from home, it is free.

It is possible to walk almost anywhere and at any time during pregnancy.

Friends and other family members can join the company.

Safety tip: Stay safe by choosing smooth surfaces, wearing supportive footwear to prevent falls, and avoiding potholes, rocks, and other obstacles.

3. Low impact aerobics

In low impact aerobic exercise, at least one foot stays on the ground at all times.

This type of exercise can:

Strengthen the heart and lungs

Help maintain muscle tone and balance

Limit stress on the joints

Some classes are designed especially for pregnant women. They can be a good way to meet other people and train with an instructor who is qualified to meet the specific needs of pregnant women.

Women who already attend a regular aerobics class should let the instructor know that they are pregnant. The instructor can then modify exercises where necessary and advise about suitable movements.

4. Yoga

Prenatal yoga classes can help women keep their joints limber and maintain flexibility. Yoga may also help with pain and stress management, according to one study.

The benefits of yoga include:

Strengthening the muscles

Stimulating blood circulation

Helping maintain a healthy blood pressure

Increasing flexibility

Enhancing relaxation

Teaching techniques to help women stay calm during labor and delivery

Safety tips: As pregnancy progresses, consider skipping poses that:

May lead to overbalancing

Involve lying on the abdomen

Involve spending time lying flat on the back

When lying flat on the back, the weight of the bump can put pressure on major veins and arteries and decrease blood flow to the heart. This reduced blood flow can lead to faintness.

Women should also take care to avoid overstretching, as this could lead to injury.

5. Swimming

Swimming, walking in water, and aqua aerobics allow for motion without putting pressure on the joints. Buoyancy may offer some relief from the extra body weight as the pregnancy progresses.

It is important to choose a stroke that feels comfortable and does not strain or hurt the neck, shoulders, or back muscles. Breaststroke may be a good choice for this. Using a kickboard can help strengthen the leg and buttock muscles.

Safety tips:

Use the railing for balance when entering the water to avoid slipping.

Refrain from diving or jumping, which could impact the abdomen.

Avoid warm pools, steam rooms, hot tubs, and saunas to minimize the risk of overheating.

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Exercises to Help Baby Get Strong

Babies are born with weak muscles and bones. In their early years, it is very important that you help them promote their muscular development. According to paediatricians, we as parents need to help our babies build flexibility, coordination, and strength with some age-appropriate routines and activities. This will help them walk sooner and with more confidence.

Healthy muscles and bones are an indicator of overall health. If your baby has good muscular strength and healthy bones, chances are he will also learn to crawl, walk and run about faster!

Once your baby has been weaned off breastfeeding, it is advisable to introduce him to strengthening foods rich in calcium, Vitamin-D and protein. Some of these include chicken, spinach, cheese and fruits.

However, it is not sufficient to just depend on a healthy diet to make your baby stronger; you also need to start some important physical exercises. Yes, even babies as young as two months old need some amount of physical activity to become stronger


1. Give Your Baby Tummy Time

This is the most common of all trunk strengthening exercises for babies suggested by paediatricians. Simply put your newborn on his tummy after every feeding. This act builds the core muscles of your baby’s tummy. There are many variations to this, such as:

Place your baby on a blanket so he can also get some floor-time and explore his surroundings

Place your baby on the tummy between both of your knees. This also helps the baby to release trapped gas


Place your baby on daddy’s tummy! This is a fun and very useful variation of tummy time that can be done after you’ve breastfed the baby, or in the evening time before bed [Bonus: this also strengthens the emotional bond between the father and baby. We recommend you definitely ask your husband to try this out!]

Tip: Remember that whenever your child is not lying on the back, he is working on increasing his head control and neck strength. So, minimize lying downtime after your child is 2- 3 months old and make sure that your baby is getting exposure to enough physical activity.

2. Help Your Baby Sit-Up

Age: 4 Months (or when a baby is able to support her head)

This is how to do it: Place a blanket on the bed and then place the baby on the blanket. Then, hold the blanket on each side slightly above the head, with your baby in the middle of your arms. Slowly lift the blanket so your baby comes to a sitting position, then lower it back down again. This is a very simple and safe exercise to help your baby gain upper body strength.


This little core exercise really helps babies as they start crawling, standing and walking.

Lay your baby down and let him pull himself up and put him back down.

Let your baby lead this exercise as it strengthens his core.

After doing this exercise, a baby gets better at sitting up.

Daily exercise also helps babies sleep better and stay happier all day!

3. Baby Massage Complex Exercises

Age: 0 Months Onwards

Massage is one age-old trick that never fails! The benefits of an oil massage are now well accepted by doctors, and it can definitely help make your baby’s muscles and bones stronger. You can start massaging your baby’s body early – as early as a week or two old. There are a few movements/exercises that you should do as part of baby massage in order to build the baby’s strength:

Hold your baby’s wrists and lift the baby off the massage table (just a few centimetres). This exercise helps the development of the cervical spine


Place your baby on the tummy, his knees spread apart but his feet together. Press the baby’s feet with your thumbs. Voila! Your baby will try to push himself forward. This exercise is very useful for leg muscle development

After the massage, keep your palm on the baby’s chest and press lightly. This helps eliminate congestion from the lungs and increases ventilation, both of which are good for overall respiratory strength

Note: Make sure you do NOT use rigorous or high-pressure strokes. Only a gentle massage using skin-friendly baby oil is beneficial for your baby’s improved blood circulation, and in turn, bodily strength. Refer to this guide on baby massage when in doubt.

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What is a baby shower party? How to plan a baby shower?

When a baby is on the way, the parents aren’t the only ones that get excited. Odds are that the future grandparents, aunts and uncles, cousins, friends, and other loved ones will also be eager to welcome the newest member of the family. A baby shower is one of the most traditional ways in which your loved ones come together to express their joy at your pregnancy. It’s a time for friends and family to share time with the expectant parents and to “shower” them with gifts, love, and good wishes before the birth. Read on to discover baby shower planning ideas that will help you create an unforgettable day!


What is a baby shower?

A baby shower is basically a party which is thrown to celebrate the impending birth of a new baby. It’s also a way for friends and family to help the new parents get everything they need. After all, babies need tons of stuff, and the list can get quite expensive!


When should you have a baby shower?

There’s no hard and fast rule that dictates when you should have a baby shower. Most baby showers are thrown approximately 4 to 6 weeks before the baby is born. That way, guests can have the baby’s gender in mind when choosing gifts and decorations.

Many mothers choose to have their baby shower later in their pregnancy because the risk of miscarriage decreases with each passing week. It also means that you’ll have a clearer picture of the things you’re still missing and that your loved ones could help you with.


How to plan a baby shower?

As the host of the baby shower, you’ll have a lot to keep in mind, but if you consider the mom-to-be’s personality and stay organized, planning a baby shower can be stress-free and even enjoyable. Consider theses options below


  • Home: It’s private and comfortable
  • Restaurant or cafe: All you have to do is book a table, and you’re set
  • Party Venue: Venue staff can help arrange almost everything you’ll need, but you can also personalize the space with decorations
  • Outdoors: If you have a scenic outdoor location nearby, that could be a great options


One of the first steps in baby shower planning is choosing a theme with many fun and exciting themes and decorations. Themes often reflect the personality of the mom-to-be, while celebrating the new baby.

Guest List and Invitations

The number of guests depends on your budget and the space available at the venue — and, of course, who the mom-to-be would like to have there. Work closely with her to finalize the guest list and the date of the shower.

The guest list for every baby shower is different. Usually, the expectant parents’ close family members and friends are invited. But the planners should keep in mind that mom would prefer to keep some people off the guest list. It’s always a good idea to ask the mother about the guest list before sending out any invitations.

For a long time, baby showers were an all-female affair. However, co-ed baby showers have gained popularity in recent decades. Before, pregnancy and birth were taboo topics that were only meant to be discussed amongst women. But it has become increasingly acceptable – and expected – for dads to be more involved. If you’re planning a baby shower, ask the parents if they’d like an all-female or co-ed baby shower before putting together the guest list.

Baby shower etiquette

Baby shower etiquette used to include a lot of rules, but you’re not expected to follow them if you don’t want to. For example, a single baby shower used to be held, and it was meant only for the first baby. Nowadays, expectant moms can be showered on different occasions if there are different groups who’d like to throw their own celebrations.


It’s also become acceptable to have a baby shower for each pregnancy. Of course, gifts won’t usually be as grand for second or third pregnancies. But the expectant parents can still enjoy a fun day surrounded by loved ones!

At the end of the day, the most important thing is for mom — and dad, if it’s a co-ed baby shower — to enjoy the day and to receive lots of love, gifts, and good wishes. After all, the new baby will be here in no time, and a baby shower is a wonderful way to spend some time surrounded by loved ones before the big day is here!

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Breastfeeding properly

Mothers often think that breastfeeding their baby properly is quite simple, but in reality it may not be as easy as you think. Sometimes mothers need a few days, or even weeks or months to get used to the most comfortable, proper feeding. This is also a skill that requires you to learn and practice many times! Because both you and your baby need time to get to know each other, in order to find out the most comfortable and suitable way to breastfeed.

It is quite important for mothers to keep the mood, do not be discouraged when you cannot breastfeed properly. Remember, every baby is different, so the way that works for one baby may not work for another. One more thing, you should also not underestimate the ability of babies. Sometimes it is the baby who can help make breastfeeding easier. Breastfeeding is an instinct that comes from both the mother and the baby, so “cooperate” well with your baby, guide your baby so that he or she can find nipples and start to breastfeed.

How to successfully breastfeed your baby?

  • Keep an upbeat mood, and be confident “I can do it!”
  • With the support and encouragement of fathers.
  • When you give birth normally and don’t have many problems giving birth. If you have a normal delivery, then almost immediately you can get up and feed your baby.
  • The World Health Organization (WHO) encourages mothers to breastfeed for one hour after birth.
  • If you are not very comfortable with breastfeeding, don’t be discouraged or give up. Try repeating the steps one at a time and try to find the one that is most comfortable for both mother and baby.
  • If mothers have problems feeding their babies, see it as a motivation to try harder!
  • Don’t think bottle feeding is simpler, consider breast milk as the most important source of nutrients for your baby.
  • The cooperation of babies is also a reason for successful breastfeeding.

Points to keep in mind when breastfeeding your baby

  • After your baby is born, breastfeed as soon as possible.
  • Don’t let your baby suck on a pacifier until your baby is completely accustomed to breastfeeding. This can last 4 to 6 weeks after the baby is born.
  • Do not give your baby water or formula but exclusively breastfeed. Because the more often your baby breastfeeds, the more milk you will have.
  • Always be there for your baby to feed as often.
  • Usually it will take a few days for the milk to come in. But don’t worry because just keep breastfeeding because your breasts will produce a quantity of colostrum, which is very good for your baby. Colostrum is rich in energy, easy to digest, and contains many antioxidants.

How to breastfeed properly

  • Hold the baby so he or she is facing you, the baby’s chest is against the mother’s chest, and the baby’s chin touches the nipple.
  • You should not be too control over when to breastfeed, but trust your baby’s instincts, the baby will give signs of hunger and need to breastfeed.
  • Taking off your baby’s clothes while breastfeeding, and skin contact between mother and baby can make the process easier.
  • You can let your baby instinctively find the nipples, or hold your mother to breastfeed. This skill requires both mother and baby to be in a comfortable position, you just need to support the baby while the baby is nursing.
  • You can help make your baby more comfortable by talking, encouraging him to open his mouth and then putting the nipple in his mouth to feed him. Please pay attention not to let the baby’s tongue be swept in, but on the lower jaw. At this time, your nipples will be on your baby’s tongue, from which your baby can drink more comfortably.
  • The baby’s chin is the first point of contact with the mother’s chest, not the face.
  • When you hold your baby, aim the nipple towards the baby’s mouth, not the baby’s tongue. Your baby can adjust for the best possible breastfeeding.
  • Encourage your baby not to latch on to only the nipples, but also to latch on to the nipples, this will help your baby breastfeed more.

You successfully breastfeed your baby when:

  • Babies suckle evenly and comfortably.
  • The baby’s lips are not sucked in, but placed on the areola.
  • You don’t feel pain. It may feel a bit uncomfortable in the early days, but not too painful.
  • The baby’s jaws move steadily, and the baby feels comfortable and comfortable.
  • Some babies will tip their mouth when they are not fed comfortably, but not all babies will.
  • The baby’s cheeks are not sucked in.
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Why do babies look so funny?

Having a child is the happiest thing and it brings parents a lot of change. No matter how carefully prepared you are, you will surely find that the baby’s skin is wrinkled, looks strange and very funny.

1. The head of a newborn

An infant’s head may look a bit distorted or slightly pointed. This happens when the baby goes through a prolonged delivery process. Your baby’s head will return to its original shape in a week or two.

Babies born by cesarean section do not experience pressure when passing through the delivery process, so the baby has an advantage in appearance. The baby’s head becomes beautiful and round because his face is not swollen as much as a baby is born with.

The soft spots on the baby’s head are known as the infant’s tubules, or the vestibular opening. These are triangular airways in the skull covered with a thick layer of skin. The fontanelle is divided into two parts, one in the front and the other in the back – allowing the baby’s skull to be compressed during childbirth, and after the baby is born, it allows the brain to develop rapidly.

The posterior tube takes about six months to close. The anterior systole takes 12 to 24 months to close.

Babies’ scalp often appears red and flaky buffalo shit. It usually goes away in a few weeks or months and rarely causes discomfort or itching. If you notice buffalo shit on your baby’s head, try washing your hair more often with baby shampoo and using a soft bristle brush. Do not use herbal shampoos without first consulting your baby’s doctor as they can irritate your child’s delicate and soft skin.


2. The infant’s arms and legs

After spending too much time curled up in the tight space of the uterus, your baby needs time to adjust and stretch. Your baby’s arms and legs will pull out for a week or two. When the baby starts to stretch, he will appear a little limp until she starts to walk.

Some babies like to be swaddled – wrapped snugly in a blanket – because it is similar to when a baby was in the womb.


3. The baby’s abdomen

Your baby may lose a bit of weight during the first week, but he or she will return to its original weight in the second week and continue to gain weight in the following months.

After ten to 21 days, the baby’s umbilical cord falls off, leaving a lovely little navel. Some babies have a dry umbilical cord, others may release a little blood-stained fluid. Keep dry and clean it with a cotton swab dipped in a little rubbing alcohol, and it will heal on its own. If the cord has not fallen out after 1 month, talk to your baby’s doctor.


4. Genitals and breasts

The genitals and breasts of newborn boys and girls are often swollen. This is caused by the dose of hormone supplements taken immediately before birth. Some milk may even leak from your baby’s nipple. Don’t try to squeeze this liquid out – it is harmless and will dry on its own. Girls may have some white discharge or blood-stained vaginal mucus. All of this should go away in the first few weeks.


5. Baby’s skin

Newborn skin changes depending on how long it is born. Premature babies have thin, almost transparent skin and are covered with hairs on their bodies. You will also see a milky white substance, protecting the baby’s delicate skin from amniotic fluid. A full term baby will appear with less hair and white wax on the child’s body.

All children in this world are born with reddish-purple skin that turns red-pink in a day or so. Pink is because blood vessels are visible through the baby’s still thin skin. Because your baby’s blood circulation is still maturing, his arms and legs may be a little bluish for a few days. Over the next six months, your baby’s skin color will be clearly defined.

If a baby’s skin turns pale yellow during the first few days of life, the baby may experience mild jaundice. More than half of healthy babies show signs of jaundice, which occurs when the body breaks down additional red blood cells. Jaundice usually goes away in a week or so in full term babies. Usually nothing serious, however if this condition persists, you should consult your doctor.

Not going away jaundice could be a sign of a metabolic disorder or liver problems. Your doctor may order a simple blood or skin test to determine if your baby needs treatment. In addition, doctors will perform phototherapy for children with jaundice.

About 40% of babies get millet disease, which are tiny white or yellow spots on the face that look like tiny pimples. They usually go away without treatment after about 3 to 4 weeks.

If your child has small, pus bumps that leave dark brown bumps as they break open, it could be a rash. This newborn rash is more common in African American babies. There is no need to treat this condition. Signs should disappear by the time your baby is 3 or 4 months old.

Acne is not unusual in babies. About 1% of babies experience acne during the first month, the result of maternal hormones circulating in the baby’s body after birth. Newborn acne can appear on a baby’s forehead and cheeks. It can get worse if your baby is lying on a rug that has been washed with strong detergent or was spit on. Place a soft, clean blanket under the baby’s head when they wake up, and gently wash their face once a day with baby soap to remove detergent or milk residue. Usually acne goes away on its own within a few months after the excess hormones are gone.

Spot-like birthmarks (flat patches of skin that look like ink stains) are also common. They come in many different shapes, sizes and colors, and can appear anywhere on a baby’s body. Some birthmarks may not appear for a few days or weeks after birth. Most birthmarks are harmless. Many birthmarks will go away on their own during the first few years of your life, however, some other birthmarks will follow you forever.


6. Baby’s hair

African-American babies are usually born with straight black hair, and a white couple may have a baby with red or blond hair. That said, infant hair doesn’t tend to have much influence on how your child’s later hair will look. Even if your baby is born with thick hair, he may experience hair loss in the first few weeks or months.

Don’t worry – hair will grow back, though infant hair may return in a completely different color. Your child’s hair texture often changes during the first six months. For example, you may find thicker, stiffer hairs grow in place of your baby’s soft, curly curls.


7. The eyes of an infant

Many African-American, Asian and Hispanic babies are born with gray-brown eyes and no noticeable color change, however some infants have chestnut brown eyes and later should be darker at 6 months of age. Most white babies are born with dark blue eyes, which can take months or years to know their exact permanent eye color. Usually, the eye color you see at 6 to 9 months is the surrounding eye color.

Some babies have red spots on the whites of their eyes. Don’t worry, this is just a harmless side effect of birth trauma. This is called a subcutaneous hemorrhage and should go away after a few days.


8. Baby’s ears

Your baby’s ears are soft, and one of the ear edges may be slightly bent. When the cartilage in your baby’s ears becomes more stiff, his ear will return to its normal shape.


9. The baby’s nose

A newborn baby’s nose may become swollen due to pressure during birth. A child’s appearance and behavior will change quite a bit during the first year of life.

The Pediatric Department at Vinmec International Hospital system is the place to receive and examine diseases that babies and children are susceptible to: viral fever, bacterial fever, otitis media, pneumonia in children. , … With modern equipment, sterile space, minimize the impact as well as the risk of disease spread. Along with that is the dedication from the doctors who are experienced and specialized with the pediatric patients, making the examination no longer a concern of parents.


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Exercise During Pregnancy

Maintaining a regular exercise routine throughout your pregnancy can help you stay healthy and feel your best. It can also improve your posture and decrease some common discomforts like backaches and fatigue. There is evidence that it may prevent gestational diabetes (diabetes that develops during pregnancy), relieve stress, and build more stamina needed for labor and delivery.

If you were physically active before your pregnancy, you should be able to continue your activity with modifications as necessary. You can exercise at your former level as long as you are comfortable and have your doctor’s approval. Low impact aerobics are encouraged versus high impact. Do not let your heart rate exceed 140 beats per minute. The pregnant competitive athlete should be closely followed by an obstetrical provider.


If you have never exercised regularly before, you can safely begin an exercise program during pregnancy after consulting with your healthcare provider. Do not try a new, strenuous activity. Walking and swimming are considered safe to initiate when pregnant. The American College of Obstetrics and Gynecology recommends 30 minutes or more of moderate exercise per day on most if not all days of the week, unless you have a medical or obstetric complication.

Why exercise during pregnancy?

  • During pregnancy, exercise can:
  • Reduce backaches, constipation, bloating and swelling
  • Boost your mood and energy levels
  • Help you sleep better
  • Prevent excess weight gain
  • Promote muscle tone, strength and endurance

Other possible benefits of following a regular exercise program during pregnancy may include:

  • A lower risk of gestational diabetes
  • Shortened labor
  • A reduced risk of having a C-section

Pregnancy and exercise: Getting the OK

Before you begin an exercise program, make sure you have your health care provider’s OK. Although exercise during pregnancy is generally good for both mother and baby, your doctor might advise you not to exercise if you have:

  • Some forms of heart and lung disease
  • Preeclampsia or high blood pressure that develops for the first time during pregnancy
  • Cervical problems
  • Persistent vaginal bleeding during the second or third trimester
  • Placenta problems

It may also not be safe to exercise during pregnancy if you have any of these other complications:

  • Preterm labor during your current pregnancy
  • A multiple pregnancy at risk of preterm labor
  • Premature rupture of the membranes
  • Severe anemia

Pacing it for pregnancy

For most pregnant women, at least 30 minutes of moderate-intensity exercise is recommended on most, if not all, days of the week.

Walking is a great exercise for beginners. It provides moderate aerobic conditioning with minimal stress on your joints. Other good choices include swimming, low-impact aerobics and cycling on a stationary bike. Strength training is OK, too, as long as you stick to relatively low weights.

Remember to warm up, stretch and cool down. Drink plenty of fluids to stay hydrated, and be careful to avoid overheating.

Intense exercise increases oxygen and blood flow to the muscles and away from your uterus. In general, you should be able to carry on a conversation while you’re exercising. If you can’t speak normally while you’re working out, you’re probably pushing yourself too hard.

Depending on your fitness level, consider these guidelines:

  • You haven’t exercised for a while. Begin with as little as 10 minutes of physical activity a day. Build up to 15 minutes, 20 minutes, and so on, until you reach at least 30 minutes a day.
  • You exercised before pregnancy. You can probably continue to work out at the same level while you’re pregnant — as long as you’re feeling comfortable and your health care provider says it’s OK.

Listen to your body

As important as it is to exercise, it’s also important to watch for signs of a problem. Stop exercising and contact your health care provider if you have:

  • Vaginal bleeding
  • Dizziness
  • Headache
  • Increased shortness of breath before you start exercising
  • Chest pain

Other warning signs to watch for include:

  • Painful uterine contractions that continue after rest
  • Fluid leaking or gushing from your vagina
  • Calf pain or swelling
  • Muscle weakness affecting balance

A healthy choice

Regular exercise can help you cope with the physical changes of pregnancy and build stamina for the challenges ahead. If you haven’t been exercising regularly, use pregnancy as your motivation to begin.

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Exercise in pregnancy

The more active and fit you are during pregnancy, the easier it will be for you to adapt to your changing shape and weight gain. It will also help you to cope with labour and get back into shape after the birth.

Keep up your normal daily physical activity or exercise (sport, running, yoga, dancing, or even walking to the shops and back) for as long as you feel comfortable.

Exercise is not dangerous for your baby. There is some evidence that active women are less likely to experience problems in later pregnancy and labour.


How much exercise should I get during pregnancy?

The official advice of the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG) reads like a personal trainer’s pep talk: Aim for 30 minutes of some sort of physical activity at least five days of the week (or a total of 150 minutes per week), all the way through your pregnancy. If that sounds daunting, keep in mind that activities like housework count. Even five mini-workouts sprinkled throughout the day are just as beneficial as 30 minutes straight on the elliptical.


Exercise tips for pregnancy

Do not exhaust yourself. You may need to slow down as your pregnancy progresses or if your maternity team advises you to. If in doubt, consult your maternity team.

As a general rule, you should be able to hold a conversation as you exercise when pregnant. If you become breathless as you talk, then you’re probably exercising too strenuously.

If you were not active before you got pregnant, do not suddenly take up strenuous exercise. If you start an aerobic exercise programme (such as running, swimming, cycling or aerobics classes), tell the instructor that you’re pregnant and begin with no more than 15 minutes of continuous exercise, 3 times a week. Increase this gradually to daily 30-minute sessions.


Remember that exercise does not have to be strenuous to be beneficial.

  • Always warm up before exercising, and cool down afterwards
  • Try to keep active on a daily basis – 30 minutes of walking each day can be enough, but if you cannot manage that, any amount is better than nothing
  • Avoid any strenuous exercise in hot weather
  • Drink plenty of water and other fluids
  • If you go to exercise classes, make sure your teacher is properly qualified and knows that you’re pregnant, as well as how many weeks pregnant you are
  • You might like to try swimming because the water will support your increased weight. Some local swimming pools provide aqua-natal classes with qualified instructors. Find your local swimming pool
  • Exercises that have a risk of falling, such as horse riding, downhill skiing, ice hockey, gymnastics and cycling, should only be done with caution. Falls carry a risk of damage to your baby
    What exercises should I avoid when I’m pregnant?

There are plenty of exercises that are great for pregnant women. In fact, most physical activity is perfectly safe during pregnancy. However there are a few exercises you’ll want to avoid:

  • Sports that carry a higher risk of falling or abdominal injury, like gymnastics, downhill skiing, snowboarding, ice-skating, vigorous racket sports (play doubles instead of singles), horseback riding, outdoor cycling, contact sports (such as ice hockey, soccer or basketball), diving, bungee jumping and rollerblading.
  • Sports that involve altitude change. Unless you’re living in high altitudes already, avoid any activity that takes you up more than 6,000 feet. On the flip side, scuba diving, which poses a risk of decompression sickness for your baby, is also off-limits, so wait until you’re no longer pregnant for your next dive.
  • Exercises that involve lying flat on your back for long periods of time are off-limits after the fourth month, since the weight of your enlarging uterus could compress major blood vessels and restrict circulation to you and your baby. That, in turn, could make you feel nauseous, dizzy and short of breath.

  • Advanced abdominal moves, like full sit-ups or double leg lifts, can pull on the abdomen, so they’re best avoided when you’re expecting. Try these pregnancy-safe ab exercises instead.
  • Hot yoga or exercise in super hot weather: Any exercise or environment that raises your body temperature more than 1.5 degrees F should be avoided, since it causes blood to be shunted away from your uterus and to your skin as your body attempts to cool off. That means staying out of saunas, steam rooms and hot tubs, too.
  • Back bends or other contortions, as well as movements that involve deep flexion or extension of joints (like deep knee bends), can increase your risk of injury.
  • Jumping, bouncing and sudden, jerky motions are best avoided (although otherwise aerobic activity is perfectly safe so long as you’re comfortable and can easily keep your balance).
  • Excessive or bouncy stretching. Since your ligaments are already looser, pregnancy isn’t the time to force a split or progress your yoga practice. If something hurts, stop.
  • Holding your breath is never recommended during pregnancy. Both you and your baby need a constant flow of oxygen.
  • Motionless standing after the first trimester can restrict blood flow, so avoid these types of movements in yoga (like tree, or extended hand to big toe) and tai chi.
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Homemade Baby Food Recipes (Part 2)

Creamy Mango-licious Baby Food Puree

This 5-minute Mango Baby Food Puree is a great way to introduce babies to the magical taste of one of the world’s healthiest fruits – MANGOS!



2 cups fresh or frozen mango, deseed, peeled and roughly chopped

1 banana

1 pinch nutmeg (optional)


Place the mango, banana and nutmeg (if using) into a blender or food processor.

Puree for 1 minute or until completely smooth. If your mango is not ripe enough, you might need to add in up to a 1/4 cup of water while blending to get the right consistency.

Serve or freeze for later.


Age: 4+ months

Yield: 10 ounces

Additional Spices: Feel free to also add in a pinch of cinnamon, cloves, mild curry powder, mint, basil or fresh ginger before blending.

Additional Add-Ins: You can also add in a handful of raspberries, a spoonful of full-fat plain Greek yogurt, a splash of canned coconut milk or even a 1/4 cup of chopped spinach to this recipe for more delicious meal options.

Storage: Fridge – store in an airtight container in the fridge for 3-4 days. Freezer – can be frozen for up to 4 months


Pumpkin Baby Puree

This Pumpkin Baby Food Puree is a creamy and flavorful way to introduce baby to the tastes of the season!



1 small pumpkin, pie or sugar pumpkin variety

1 tsp olive oil (optional)

1/2 tsp fresh thyme or sage, roughly chopped

1-2 cups liquid – water, breast milk, formula or stock


Heat oven to 350 degrees. Line a baking sheet with parchment paper or silicone mat.

Cut up the pumpkin. Start by slicing off the top off the pumpkin, then cut lengthwise down the middle until you have 2 halves of a pumpkin.

Scoop out the seeds and strings. Don’t be too obsessed with getting all the strings out, they will puree nicely with the rest of the pumpkin.

Chop the pumpkin into smallish pieces and place onto a baking sheet, skin down. Brush on the olive oil, if using.

Roast in the oven for 45-60 minutes or until a fork can pierce the very tender flesh. Set aside until cool enough to handle.

Peel the skin away from the pumpkin.

Place the pumpkin inside a food processor or blender. Add thyme and start blending for 1-2 minutes, adding the liquid in 1/4 cup increments until you get the desired consistency. I had to add in 1 cup of water to the puree pictured.

Serve or freeze for later.


Age: 4 months and up

Yield: 25 ounces

Additional Spices: Feel free to use the following spices instead of the thyme – 1/2 tsp of cumin, 1/4 tsp of nutmeg, 1/2 tsp of cloves, 1 fresh garlic clove, 3-4 basil leaves, 1/2 tsp chopped rosemary or even a big pinch of fresh ginger.

Storage: Fridge – store in an airtight container in the fridge for 3-4 days. Freezer – can be frozen for up to 4 months

Butternut Squash Baby Food

This homemade Roasted Butternut Squash Baby Food Puree is not only full of calcium, folate, vitamin A and fiber but it is also a deliciously smooth way to introduce butternut squash to your baby!



1 butternut squash

1 tsp fresh thyme or rosemary, roughly chopped

1-2 tsp olive oil (optional)

1/2-1 cup liquid (water, breast milk, formula, stock or bone broth)


Heat oven to 450 degrees F. Line baking sheet with a silicone mat, tin foil or parchment paper.

Cut butternut squash in half, deseed and place flesh side up, skin side down. Optional – Feel free to drizzle the squash with 2 teaspoons of olive oil for some added healthy fat.

Place the baking sheet into the oven and bake for 45-60 minutes or until you can easily prick the squash with a fork.

Let cool until you can handle the squash with your hands. Scrape the flesh off of the skin and place in a blender or food processor.

Add the thyme or rosemary to the butternut squash.

Turn on the blender or food processor and puree, adding liquid in 1/4 cup increments until you have the desired consistency. I had to add in 3/4 cup of water to my puree shown below.

Serve or freeze for later.


Age: 4 months and up

Yield: 25 ounces

Additional Spices: Feel free to sub the thyme or rosemary for 4 chopped basil leaves, 1 tsp chopped cilantro, 1/2 tsp minced fresh ginger, 1/2 teaspoon nutmeg, 1/2 tsp coriander, 1/2 tsp cinnamon or even 1/2 tsp of mind curry powder.

Storage: Fridge – store in an airtight container in the fridge for 3-4 days. Freezer – can be frozen for up to 4 months

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