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How Much and When to Feed Baby

All babies develop at different rates, but these guidelines suggest what to feed your infant and when to feed it.

Wondering if you’re feeding your baby enough breast milk, formula, or solid food? We broke down some suggested feeding guidelines—but keep in mind that all infants require different amounts depending on body weight, appetite, and age. Ask your pediatrician if you’re unsure.

Newborn-6 Months

Newborns should receive all calories from breast milk or formula. Here’s a tentative breakdown.

Breast Milk: Most newborns eat every two to three hours, according to the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP), and they drink 1-2 ounces of breastmilk per feeding. Two-month-old babies generally take 4-5 ounces every three-four hours, while 6-month-olds eat around 8 ounces every four-five hours. Check out this article to learn if your baby is getting enough breast milk.

Formula: A formula-fed infant will take about 2 to 3 ounces per feeding, and she’ll eat every three to four hours, according to the AAP. Generally, the amount will increase by 1 ounce per month. As a guideline, feed your baby 2.5 ounces of formula per pound of body weight, says Amy Lynn Stockhausen, M.D., an associate professor of general pediatrics and adolescent medicine at the University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health.

Most experts recommend starting solids around four-six months, depending on readiness. You should never introduce solids before a baby turns 4 months old.

6-8 Months

When a baby is 6 to 8 months old, nearly all of her calories should still come from breast milk or formula, says Natalie Muth, M.D., R.D.N., coauthor of The Picky Eater Project. Aim to feed

Baby around 32 to 36 ounces of formula daily, or give him breast milk every three to four hours.

Since Baby is still getting most of his calories from liquid, don’t stress about getting him to eat bite after bite of solid food. Feed up to two meals daily (and as little as one every couple of days), with each meal 2 to 4 tablespoons. Offer foods such as iron-fortified single-grain baby cereal, and pureed vegetables, fruits, meats. (To identify possible allergic reactions or digestive issues, don’t introduce more than one food at a time.)

Around 6-9 months, you should also start offering finger foods like strained vegetables, fruit, yogurt, cottage cheese, and casseroles. “One of the things I really like about casseroles is that if the child likes the base flavor, you can add a bunch of other vegetables to it, and he’s often fine with it,” says Alan Greene, M.D., author of Feeding Baby Green, who makes a pasta casserole in red sauce for his family.

9-12 Months

Once a baby reaches 9 to 12 months, aim to feed 16 to 24 ounces of formula daily, or give her breast milk every four to five hours. “By 9 to 12 months, about half of your baby’s calories should come from food and the other half from breast milk or formula,” Dr. Muth says.

Babies at this age tend to have an adventurous palate—they’ve learned eating tastes good, so don’t be afraid to give her chopped-up nibbles from your plate. If she wants more, feed her more, but if she pushes food away, don’t take it personally.

Babies like to play with their food, so also consider using yogurt or oatmeal as a dip for vegetables or whole-grain crackers. Just remember to chop or dice foods and to avoid those that are small, round, hard, or the size of a child’s airway.

After 12 Months

“After the first birthday, most of the calories your baby consumes should come from finely chopped table food,” Dr. Muth says. To meet his calcium needs, serve whole milk in a sippy cup at meals and with snacks. Toddlers should drink about 2 to 3 cups a day. Aiming for set meal and snack times can also pay off, since he’ll be more hungry and thus willing to try new things.

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How To Bath A New Born

Until the baby starts getting down and dirty on the ground, a daily bath isn’t needed. In fact, your newborn baby will only really need a bath two or three times a week — at first a sponge bath, until his umbilical cord stump heals (about one to four weeks after birth), then a baby tub bath, and eventually a tub bath, when baby can sit up on his own and outgrows the infant tub).

There’s nothing cuter than seeing a baby splashing in the bath, soapy suds dotting his chubby folds and dimples.

How often to give your newborn a bath

A bath 2-3 times a week is enough to keep your newborn clean. But if your baby really likes baths, your baby can bath once a day. Bathing more than this can dry out your baby’s skin.

You can keep your baby’s genitals clean between baths by using warm water and cotton wool.

About 5-10 minutes is long enough for a newborn bath. This is especially important if your baby has dry or sensitive skin.

When to give your newborn a bath

You can bath your baby at any time of the day. It’s a good idea to pick a time when you’re relaxed and you won’t be interrupted. And it’s best to avoid bathing your baby when the baby is hungry or straight after a feed.

If bathing relaxes your baby, you can use it as a way to settle your baby for sleep in the evening.

Where to bathe your newborn

You can give your newborn a bath in a small plastic bath or even in the kitchen sink. The kitchen sink might be easiest in the first few weeks. A plastic baby bath is probably easier once your baby gets bigger.

You can bath your baby in any room that’s warm, safe and clean – it doesn’t have to be a bathroom.

You can also shower with your baby. Keep your baby’s face away from the pouring water and make sure to use warm, not hot, water

Setting up a newborn bath

Here’s how to get ready for a newborn bath:

Take the phone off the hook or turn your phone off while bathing your baby. You’ll be less likely to get distracted.

Make sure you have everything you need within reach – for example, towel, washcloth, cream or ointment, clean clothes and clean nappy.

Avoid using soap because this will dry out your baby’s skin. If needed, use a fragrance-free oil or a gentle non-soap cleanser at the end of the bath.

Position the bath somewhere stable and at a height where you can comfortably hold your baby.

Fill the bath with just enough warm water to wash your baby. Use jugs of water to fill the bath if you’re planning to bath your baby away from the tap.

Take off your watch and jewellery and wash your hands.

Check the water temperature is 37-38°C before you put your baby in the bath. If you don’t have a thermometer, use your wrist or elbow to test the temperature – it should be comfortably warm, not hot.

Before bathing your baby in a sink, briefly run cold water through the tap once you’ve finished filling the bath.

Don’t add extra water while your baby is in the bath.

Giving your newborn a bath

These steps make bathing your newborn easy:

Before undressing your baby, wipe their eyelids (from inner eye to outer eye) with cotton wool dipped in lukewarm water. Squeeze out extra water. Use a new piece of cotton wool for each wipe.

Then wash the whole face. Be careful not to put anything into your baby’s ears or nose.

Undress your baby, taking the nappy off last.

Cradle your baby’s head and shoulders with one arm and support their body with your other arm. Gently lower your baby into the bath, feet first, keeping a close hold at all times.

Supporting your baby’s head, lay your baby down in the bath so the back of their head is in the water. Gently splash some water onto their head. You don’t need to use shampoo.

Gently wash your baby’s genitals and bottom last, using water only. Also clean out any bits of poo, vomit or milk from your baby’s body creases.

Drying and dressing your newborn after a bath

Here’s how to take your newborn out of the bath, ready for drying and dressing:

Supporting your baby’s head and neck, lift your baby out of the bath then place them on their back on a clean, dry, soft towel. If possible, dry your baby on the floor so they can’t fall. If you’re changing your baby on a raised surface like a table, keep one hand on your baby at all times.

Wrap your baby in a soft towel and pat baby dry. Dry baby’s skin creases, including armpits, groin, under the chin, around the neck and behind the ears.

If your baby’s skin is dry, apply a non-perfumed cream or ointment to your baby’s skin.

If your baby has nappy rash, apply a thick barrier cream like zinc paste to the nappy area.

Dress your baby, putting their nappy on first.

Place your baby in a safe place, like a cot or bassinet.

Empty the bath water.

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How Much Sleep Do Babies Need?

Sleep is of paramount importance to young children. Early in life, a person experiences tremendous development that affects the brain, body, emotions, and behavior and sets the stage for their continued growth through childhood and adolescence

Newborn sleep overview

It helps to remember a few tenets of newborn baby sleep so you don’t tear your hair out when you’re up in the middle of the night time and time again:

1. Newborns sleep for most of the day.

A newborn baby doesn’t have much of a pattern to his sleep schedule. Baby will be sleeping anywhere from 14 to 17 out of every 24 hours, give or take. Your little one will probably only be awake for 30 minutes to an hour at a time, and will nap anywhere from 15 minutes to three hours at a stretch.

2. Newborns need to eat around the clock.

Newborns have very tiny tummies, so while it would be nice to load up your baby with breast milk or formula at bedtime and not hear from him until morning, it doesn’t work that way (at least not yet). Newborn babies need to eat at least every two to four hours, including overnight.

Babies under 12 months: sleep needs

0-3 months

Most newborns don’t have definite day and night sleep patterns. They’re still learning to tell the difference between day and night.

Newborns generally sleep for 16-20 hours in a 24-hour period, but they wake every 2-4 hours to be fed. They need lots of feed because they have tiny tummies.

Over the first 12 weeks most newborns start to develop day and night sleep patterns. By three months, babies are averaging 14-15 hours of sleep in each 24-hour period.

3-6 months

At this age, most babies sleep 10-18 hours in a 24-hour period. On average, they sleep around 14 hours.

Although they’re growing quickly, babies still need to wake for feeding at this age.

Sleeping patterns vary a lot, but babies generally nap three times during the day. Most babies need help to settle to sleep.

6-12 months

During these months most babies still sleep for around 14 hours in a 24-hour period.

Here’s what to expect during the day:

Most babies nap during the day.

Naps usually last 1-2 hours. Some babies sleep longer. Up to a quarter of all babies of this age nap for less than an hour.

And here’s what to expect at night:

Most babies are ready for bed between 6 pm and 10 pm.

Most babies take less than 30 minutes to get to sleep.

Many babies wake during the night and need an adult to settle them back to sleep. About 1 in 10 babies will do this 3-4 times a night.

More than a third of parents say they have problems with their baby’s sleep at this age.

Babies over 12 months: sleep needs

At 12-18 months old, babies generally sleep 13-15 hours over a 24-hour period. Most babies have naps twice a day until around 18 months. Around this time babies often go from having two naps to having one longer daytime nap.

Some babies start to resist going to sleep at night, preferring to stay up with the family. This peaks at around 18 months and tends to go away with age.

What if my baby isn’t sleeping enough?

There is also a chance that your baby might be sleeping too little and not clocking the required amount of shut-eye for her age.

If your baby sleep log shows that her daytime and nighttime hours fall short of what she should be getting in a 24-hour period and you see telltale signs of an overtired baby — including persistent fussiness, trouble settling down to sleep at night, and short catnaps instead of full naps, to name a few — talk to your pediatrician about how to help your little one get enough sleep.

Getting to know your baby’s sleep cues and following a consistent, soothing bedtime routine are among the tips you’ll likely get from your doctor.

As you slog through the early days, weeks and months with your baby, know that she’s very likely on the right track when it comes to the amount of sleep she needs. So while it may seem as if no one’s getting enough Zzzs at your house, in time there will be a little more shut-eye for everyone — and soon your baby will be sleeping like a champ.

How Does Feeding Affect Sleep for Babies?

There is some debate about how and whether the method of feeding affects a baby’s sleep. While some research has found more nighttime awakenings in babies who are breastfed, other studies have found little difference between sleep patterns of breastfed and formula-fed babies.

Overall, because of documented health benefits apart from sleep, the AAP recommends exclusively breastfeeding for six months and then continuing with complementary breastfeeding for a year or more. Although not firmly established, there is some evidence that babies who are breastfed may have better sleep during their preschool years.

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Why Do Babies Look So Funny?

Having a child is the happiest thing and it brings parents a lot of change. No matter how carefully prepared you are, you will surely find that the baby’s skin is wrinkled, looks strange and very funny.

1. The head of a newborn

An infant’s head may look a bit distorted or slightly pointed. This happens when the baby goes through a prolonged delivery process. Your baby’s head will return to its original shape in a week or two.

Babies born by cesarean section do not experience pressure when passing through the delivery process, so the baby has an advantage in appearance. The baby’s head becomes beautiful and round because his face is not swollen as much as a baby is born with.

The soft spots on the baby’s head are known as the infant’s tubules, or the vestibular opening. These are triangular airways in the skull covered with a thick layer of skin. The fontanelle is divided into two parts, one in the front and the other in the back – allowing the baby’s skull to be compressed during childbirth, and after the baby is born, it allows the brain to develop rapidly.

The posterior tube takes about six months to close. The anterior systole takes 12 to 24 months to close.

Babies’ scalp often appears red and flaky buffalo shit. It usually goes away in a few weeks or months and rarely causes discomfort or itching. If you notice buffalo shit on your baby’s head, try washing your hair more often with baby shampoo and using a soft bristle brush. Do not use herbal shampoos without first consulting your baby’s doctor as they can irritate your child’s delicate and soft skin.

2. The infant’s arms and legs

After spending too much time curled up in the tight space of the uterus, your baby needs time to adjust and stretch. Your baby’s arms and legs will pull out for a week or two. When the baby starts to stretch, he will appear a little limp until she starts to walk.

Some babies like to be swaddled – wrapped snugly in a blanket – because it is similar to when a baby was in the womb.

3. The baby’s abdomen

Your baby may lose a bit of weight during the first week, but he or she will return to its original weight in the second week and continue to gain weight in the following months.

After ten to 21 days, the baby’s umbilical cord falls off, leaving a lovely little navel. Some babies have a dry umbilical cord, others may release a little blood-stained fluid. Keep dry and clean it with a cotton swab dipped in a little rubbing alcohol, and it will heal on its own. If the cord has not fallen out after 1 month, talk to your baby’s doctor.

4. Genitals and breasts

The genitals and breasts of newborn boys and girls are often swollen. This is caused by the dose of hormone supplements taken immediately before birth. Some milk may even leak from your baby’s nipple. Don’t try to squeeze this liquid out – it is harmless and will dry on its own. Girls may have some white discharge or blood-stained vaginal mucus. All of this should go away in the first few weeks.

5. Baby’s skin

Newborn skin changes depending on how long it is born. Premature babies have thin, almost transparent skin and are covered with hairs on their bodies. You will also see a milky white substance, protecting the baby’s delicate skin from amniotic fluid. A full term baby will appear with less hair and white wax on the child’s body.

All children in this world are born with reddish-purple skin that turns red-pink in a day or so. Pink is because blood vessels are visible through the baby’s still thin skin. Because your baby’s blood circulation is still maturing, his arms and legs may be a little bluish for a few days. Over the next six months, your baby’s skin color will be clearly defined.

If a baby’s skin turns pale yellow during the first few days of life, the baby may experience mild jaundice. More than half of healthy babies show signs of jaundice, which occurs when the body breaks down additional red blood cells. Jaundice usually goes away in a week or so in full term babies. Usually nothing serious, however if this condition persists, you should consult your doctor.

Not going away jaundice could be a sign of a metabolic disorder or liver problems. Your doctor may order a simple blood or skin test to determine if your baby needs treatment. In addition, doctors will perform phototherapy for children with jaundice.

About 40% of babies get millet disease, which are tiny white or yellow spots on the face that look like tiny pimples. They usually go away without treatment after about 3 to 4 weeks.

If your child has small, pus bumps that leave dark brown bumps as they break open, it could be a rash. This newborn rash is more common in African American babies. There is no need to treat this condition. Signs should disappear by the time your baby is 3 or 4 months old.

Acne is not unusual in babies. About 1% of babies experience acne during the first month, the result of maternal hormones circulating in the baby’s body after birth. Newborn acne can appear on a baby’s forehead and cheeks. It can get worse if your baby is lying on a rug that has been washed with strong detergent or was spit on. Place a soft, clean blanket under the baby’s head when they wake up, and gently wash their face once a day with baby soap to remove detergent or milk residue. Usually acne goes away on its own within a few months after the excess hormones are gone.

Spot-like birthmarks (flat patches of skin that look like ink stains) are also common. They come in many different shapes, sizes and colors, and can appear anywhere on a baby’s body. Some birthmarks may not appear for a few days or weeks after birth. Most birthmarks are harmless. Many birthmarks will go away on their own during the first few years of your life, however, some other birthmarks will follow you forever.

6. Baby’s hair

African-American babies are usually born with straight black hair, and a white couple may have a baby with red or blond hair. That said, infant hair doesn’t tend to have much influence on how your child’s later hair will look. Even if your baby is born with thick hair, he may experience hair loss in the first few weeks or months.
Don’t worry – hair will grow back, though infant hair may return in a completely different color. Your child’s hair texture often changes during the first six months. For example, you may find thicker, stiffer hairs grow in place of your baby’s soft, curly curls.

7. The eyes of an infant

Many African-American, Asian and Hispanic babies are born with gray-brown eyes and no noticeable color change, however some infants have chestnut brown eyes and later should be darker at 6 months of age. Most white babies are born with dark blue eyes, which can take months or years to know their exact permanent eye color. Usually, the eye color you see at 6 to 9 months is the surrounding eye color.

Some babies have red spots on the whites of their eyes. Don’t worry, this is just a harmless side effect of birth trauma. This is called a subcutaneous hemorrhage and should go away after a few days.

8. Baby’s ears

Your baby’s ears are soft, and one of the ear edges may be slightly bent. When the cartilage in your baby’s ears becomes more stiff, his ear will return to its normal shape.

9. The baby’s nose

A newborn baby’s nose may become swollen due to pressure during birth. A child’s appearance and behavior will change quite a bit during the first year of life.

The Pediatric Department at Vinmec International Hospital system is the place to receive and examine diseases that babies and children are susceptible to: viral fever, bacterial fever, otitis media, pneumonia in children. , … With modern equipment, sterile space, minimize the impact as well as the risk of disease spread. Along with that is the dedication from the doctors who are experienced and specialized with the pediatric patients, making the examination no longer a concern of parents.

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5 Simple Pregnancy Exercise

During pregnancy, you are doing what seems almost unimaginable—you are growing another human being inside you. And, because of this herculean task, you may be tempted to spend most of your downtime relaxing on the couch. However, there are countless benefits for both mom and baby to maintain a fitness routine through pregnancy (once approved by your doctor).

Staying active can decrease many of the common aches and pains that come along with pregnancy. It may help you sleep better, increase your blood circulation (reducing swelling and the likelihood of varicose veins), and boost your energy levels as you are in a constant battle against pregnancy fatigue.

1. Stationary cycling

Cycling on a stationary bike, also called spinning, is safe for most women during pregnancy, including first-time exercisers.

Advantages include:

Cycling helps raise the heart rate while minimizing stress on the joints and pelvis.

The bike helps support body weight.

As the bike is stationary, the risk of falling is low.

Later in pregnancy, a higher handlebar may be more comfortable.

2. Brisk walking

If pre pregnancy exercise levels were low, a quick stroll around the neighborhood is a good way to start.

This activity has several advantages:

It provides a cardiovascular workout with relatively little impact on the knees and ankles.

If women start from home, it is free.

It is possible to walk almost anywhere and at any time during pregnancy.

Friends and other family members can join the company.

Safety tip: Stay safe by choosing smooth surfaces, wearing supportive footwear to prevent falls, and avoiding potholes, rocks, and other obstacles.

3. Low impact aerobics

In low impact aerobic exercise, at least one foot stays on the ground at all times.

This type of exercise can:

Strengthen the heart and lungs

Help maintain muscle tone and balance

Limit stress on the joints

Some classes are designed especially for pregnant women. They can be a good way to meet other people and train with an instructor who is qualified to meet the specific needs of pregnant women.

Women who already attend a regular aerobics class should let the instructor know that they are pregnant. The instructor can then modify exercises where necessary and advise about suitable movements.

4. Yoga

Prenatal yoga classes can help women keep their joints limber and maintain flexibility. Yoga may also help with pain and stress management, according to one study.

The benefits of yoga include:

Strengthening the muscles

Stimulating blood circulation

Helping maintain a healthy blood pressure

Increasing flexibility

Enhancing relaxation

Teaching techniques to help women stay calm during labor and delivery

Safety tips: As pregnancy progresses, consider skipping poses that:

May lead to overbalancing

Involve lying on the abdomen

Involve spending time lying flat on the back

When lying flat on the back, the weight of the bump can put pressure on major veins and arteries and decrease blood flow to the heart. This reduced blood flow can lead to faintness.

Women should also take care to avoid overstretching, as this could lead to injury.

5. Swimming

Swimming, walking in water, and aqua aerobics allow for motion without putting pressure on the joints. Buoyancy may offer some relief from the extra body weight as the pregnancy progresses.

It is important to choose a stroke that feels comfortable and does not strain or hurt the neck, shoulders, or back muscles. Breaststroke may be a good choice for this. Using a kickboard can help strengthen the leg and buttock muscles.

Safety tips:

Use the railing for balance when entering the water to avoid slipping.

Refrain from diving or jumping, which could impact the abdomen.

Avoid warm pools, steam rooms, hot tubs, and saunas to minimize the risk of overheating.

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Exercises to Help Baby Get Strong

Babies are born with weak muscles and bones. In their early years, it is very important that you help them promote their muscular development. According to paediatricians, we as parents need to help our babies build flexibility, coordination, and strength with some age-appropriate routines and activities. This will help them walk sooner and with more confidence.

Healthy muscles and bones are an indicator of overall health. If your baby has good muscular strength and healthy bones, chances are he will also learn to crawl, walk and run about faster!

Once your baby has been weaned off breastfeeding, it is advisable to introduce him to strengthening foods rich in calcium, Vitamin-D and protein. Some of these include chicken, spinach, cheese and fruits.

However, it is not sufficient to just depend on a healthy diet to make your baby stronger; you also need to start some important physical exercises. Yes, even babies as young as two months old need some amount of physical activity to become stronger

 

1. Give Your Baby Tummy Time

This is the most common of all trunk strengthening exercises for babies suggested by paediatricians. Simply put your newborn on his tummy after every feeding. This act builds the core muscles of your baby’s tummy. There are many variations to this, such as:

Place your baby on a blanket so he can also get some floor-time and explore his surroundings

Place your baby on the tummy between both of your knees. This also helps the baby to release trapped gas

 

Place your baby on daddy’s tummy! This is a fun and very useful variation of tummy time that can be done after you’ve breastfed the baby, or in the evening time before bed [Bonus: this also strengthens the emotional bond between the father and baby. We recommend you definitely ask your husband to try this out!]

Tip: Remember that whenever your child is not lying on the back, he is working on increasing his head control and neck strength. So, minimize lying downtime after your child is 2- 3 months old and make sure that your baby is getting exposure to enough physical activity.

2. Help Your Baby Sit-Up

Age: 4 Months (or when a baby is able to support her head)

This is how to do it: Place a blanket on the bed and then place the baby on the blanket. Then, hold the blanket on each side slightly above the head, with your baby in the middle of your arms. Slowly lift the blanket so your baby comes to a sitting position, then lower it back down again. This is a very simple and safe exercise to help your baby gain upper body strength.

 

This little core exercise really helps babies as they start crawling, standing and walking.

Lay your baby down and let him pull himself up and put him back down.

Let your baby lead this exercise as it strengthens his core.

After doing this exercise, a baby gets better at sitting up.

Daily exercise also helps babies sleep better and stay happier all day!

3. Baby Massage Complex Exercises

Age: 0 Months Onwards

Massage is one age-old trick that never fails! The benefits of an oil massage are now well accepted by doctors, and it can definitely help make your baby’s muscles and bones stronger. You can start massaging your baby’s body early – as early as a week or two old. There are a few movements/exercises that you should do as part of baby massage in order to build the baby’s strength:

Hold your baby’s wrists and lift the baby off the massage table (just a few centimetres). This exercise helps the development of the cervical spine

 

Place your baby on the tummy, his knees spread apart but his feet together. Press the baby’s feet with your thumbs. Voila! Your baby will try to push himself forward. This exercise is very useful for leg muscle development

After the massage, keep your palm on the baby’s chest and press lightly. This helps eliminate congestion from the lungs and increases ventilation, both of which are good for overall respiratory strength

Note: Make sure you do NOT use rigorous or high-pressure strokes. Only a gentle massage using skin-friendly baby oil is beneficial for your baby’s improved blood circulation, and in turn, bodily strength. Refer to this guide on baby massage when in doubt.

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What is a baby shower party? How to plan a baby shower?

When a baby is on the way, the parents aren’t the only ones that get excited. Odds are that the future grandparents, aunts and uncles, cousins, friends, and other loved ones will also be eager to welcome the newest member of the family. A baby shower is one of the most traditional ways in which your loved ones come together to express their joy at your pregnancy. It’s a time for friends and family to share time with the expectant parents and to “shower” them with gifts, love, and good wishes before the birth. Read on to discover baby shower planning ideas that will help you create an unforgettable day!

 

What is a baby shower?

A baby shower is basically a party which is thrown to celebrate the impending birth of a new baby. It’s also a way for friends and family to help the new parents get everything they need. After all, babies need tons of stuff, and the list can get quite expensive!

 

When should you have a baby shower?

There’s no hard and fast rule that dictates when you should have a baby shower. Most baby showers are thrown approximately 4 to 6 weeks before the baby is born. That way, guests can have the baby’s gender in mind when choosing gifts and decorations.

Many mothers choose to have their baby shower later in their pregnancy because the risk of miscarriage decreases with each passing week. It also means that you’ll have a clearer picture of the things you’re still missing and that your loved ones could help you with.

 

How to plan a baby shower?

As the host of the baby shower, you’ll have a lot to keep in mind, but if you consider the mom-to-be’s personality and stay organized, planning a baby shower can be stress-free and even enjoyable. Consider theses options below

Location:

  • Home: It’s private and comfortable
  • Restaurant or cafe: All you have to do is book a table, and you’re set
  • Party Venue: Venue staff can help arrange almost everything you’ll need, but you can also personalize the space with decorations
  • Outdoors: If you have a scenic outdoor location nearby, that could be a great options

Theme

One of the first steps in baby shower planning is choosing a theme with many fun and exciting themes and decorations. Themes often reflect the personality of the mom-to-be, while celebrating the new baby.

Guest List and Invitations

The number of guests depends on your budget and the space available at the venue — and, of course, who the mom-to-be would like to have there. Work closely with her to finalize the guest list and the date of the shower.

The guest list for every baby shower is different. Usually, the expectant parents’ close family members and friends are invited. But the planners should keep in mind that mom would prefer to keep some people off the guest list. It’s always a good idea to ask the mother about the guest list before sending out any invitations.

For a long time, baby showers were an all-female affair. However, co-ed baby showers have gained popularity in recent decades. Before, pregnancy and birth were taboo topics that were only meant to be discussed amongst women. But it has become increasingly acceptable – and expected – for dads to be more involved. If you’re planning a baby shower, ask the parents if they’d like an all-female or co-ed baby shower before putting together the guest list.

Baby shower etiquette

Baby shower etiquette used to include a lot of rules, but you’re not expected to follow them if you don’t want to. For example, a single baby shower used to be held, and it was meant only for the first baby. Nowadays, expectant moms can be showered on different occasions if there are different groups who’d like to throw their own celebrations.

 

It’s also become acceptable to have a baby shower for each pregnancy. Of course, gifts won’t usually be as grand for second or third pregnancies. But the expectant parents can still enjoy a fun day surrounded by loved ones!

At the end of the day, the most important thing is for mom — and dad, if it’s a co-ed baby shower — to enjoy the day and to receive lots of love, gifts, and good wishes. After all, the new baby will be here in no time, and a baby shower is a wonderful way to spend some time surrounded by loved ones before the big day is here!

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Actively listen to your children

Active listening is a great way to improve your communication with your child. It tells your baby that you are interested in what he or she says and wants to hear more. When you actively listen, you pay full attention to your child. You make eye contact with your child, you stop doing other things you are doing, and you lower you down to your child’s level. You feedback or repeat what your baby is saying and what he or she might be feeling to make sure you understand.

When you actively listen to your child talk, a strong relationship will develop. As your child grows, if you continue to actively listen to them, the relationship will continue to become stronger. A strong relationship with your child will make your child more likely to talk to you about his or her hopes, and about his or her problems as they get older.

Sometimes we try to ignore children’s problems, especially if we went through a bad day, if we are busy, or if our children experience the same problem many times, but children we need to know that we are listening to them. Below is an example.

Example 1 of active listening

Your child’s baseball game starts at 6:00. You only have very little time to cook dinner, help your kids with their homework and get everyone ready for the match. You don’t know how to get all of that done. When your kids are playing, you quickly start cooking dinner. Right then, you hear your son cry. The baby runs to you and says that his brother hit him and called him by a bad name. Your children are always arguing. You try to continue cooking while nodding in agreement with what your baby says, but then you decide to show your baby that you are actively listening to your baby. You stop what you are doing, turn to your baby, make eye contact with the baby, and conclude what he said and conclude about his feelings at that moment. You say, “Looks like your brother made me sad by hitting me and calling me like that.” By doing this, you let your son know that he is always in the attention of his mother. Your baby knows that his feelings and feelings are important to you.

Sometimes a child feels sad, but he cannot name the emotions he is feeling. Active listening can be a good way to help in this situation. Here is another example.

 

Example 2 about actively listening

You pick up your daughter at preschool. Your baby is crying and telling you that one of his male friends took his favorite toy and stuck his tongue out. You show your baby that you are actively listening, you say, “It seems that I am sad about my friend taking my favorite toy.” Your daughter continues to cry and nod. They say they think their friends will spoil the toy. You show your baby that you are still listening attentively by saying, “So I’m afraid your friend might spoil my toy.” At this time, the baby is a little calmer. You and your daughter continue to talk, and your baby knows it’s okay to be sad. Babies begin to learn to name and deal with their feelings by talking to someone.

 

Respond to what you hear to show that you are listening

Feedback is a way for you to show your baby that you are actively listening. You can do this by repeating what your baby says, or by naming and summarizing how he feels.

Respond to words they say

As you respond to your baby’s words, you repeat what he said. This lets your baby know that you are actively listening. When you respond to her words, you pay attention to her in using words. This increases the chance your baby will talk more because he wants you to pay attention. You don’t have to say exactly what your baby says, but what you say should always be the same, the same as what your baby says. You can add information, shorten it, or revise what your child says. Here is an example:

Child: “I drew – drawed – some spaghetti.”

His parents replied 1: “I drew – drew – some spaghetti.”

In this example, parents repeat what they said but corrected their grammar and said the word “drew” instead of the word “drawed”. Parents also correct the pronunciation of the word “spaghetti” for their baby.

His parents replied 2: “I drew – drew – a few long spaghetti.”

In this example, parents repeat what they said but corrected their grammar and said the word “drew” instead of the word “drawed”. Parents also make mistakes in the pronunciation of the word “spaghetti” for children and add details by describing the “long” noodles.

 

Describe your feelings

When you describe a child’s feelings, you monitor his or her behavior and describe the emotions he seems to be experiencing. This will give your baby a chance to know what words the emotion is called, and help your baby see that it’s okay to talk about emotions. Describing emotions is not always easy. Here are some tips to make it easier to describe feelings.

Guess even when you’re not sure. There may be times when you are not sure what your baby is feeling. For example, your baby may be crying, but you don’t know if he’s angry, scared or upset. You can let your baby know that you are paying attention to him and trying to understand his feelings by saying, “You seem sad” or “Something seems to upset you”. Your baby may not be able to tell for himself what he is feeling and by talking to him, you and your baby will be able to figure it out.

Words don’t always need to be used. You can let your baby know that you are noting his feelings by the things you do even when you don’t say a word. You can just sit with your baby when he’s sad or sit close to him, hug or pam him.

You don’t always agree. Sometimes it can be difficult to summarize or name your child’s feelings because you find your baby reacting in a different way. Asking your baby to stop feeling in a particular way and asking him not to worry doesn’t show him you’re trying to understand his feelings. By talking with your baby about their feelings, you can help them deal with and help them understand their own feelings.

 

Talk about other feelings. Your child may have several different emotions at the same time. For example, your child may feel sad and scared at the same time. By talking about all your senses, you show your baby that you care about what he or she feels on the outside and what he feels inside. You can also help your baby figure out ways to deal with different feelings.

Don’t worry if you get it wrong. When parents are learning active listening skills, they sometimes worry that they will be wrong in summarizing or misnaming their child’s feelings. You shouldn’t worry about it. Children always correct their parents if their feelings are misinterpreted. If your child fixes it for you, try it again. Describe what your child says to you, and open up to let him add more words and learn ways to describe his or her feelings.

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Why do babies look so funny?

Having a child is the happiest thing and it brings parents a lot of change. No matter how carefully prepared you are, you will surely find that the baby’s skin is wrinkled, looks strange and very funny.

1. The head of a newborn

An infant’s head may look a bit distorted or slightly pointed. This happens when the baby goes through a prolonged delivery process. Your baby’s head will return to its original shape in a week or two.

Babies born by cesarean section do not experience pressure when passing through the delivery process, so the baby has an advantage in appearance. The baby’s head becomes beautiful and round because his face is not swollen as much as a baby is born with.

The soft spots on the baby’s head are known as the infant’s tubules, or the vestibular opening. These are triangular airways in the skull covered with a thick layer of skin. The fontanelle is divided into two parts, one in the front and the other in the back – allowing the baby’s skull to be compressed during childbirth, and after the baby is born, it allows the brain to develop rapidly.

The posterior tube takes about six months to close. The anterior systole takes 12 to 24 months to close.

Babies’ scalp often appears red and flaky buffalo shit. It usually goes away in a few weeks or months and rarely causes discomfort or itching. If you notice buffalo shit on your baby’s head, try washing your hair more often with baby shampoo and using a soft bristle brush. Do not use herbal shampoos without first consulting your baby’s doctor as they can irritate your child’s delicate and soft skin.

 

2. The infant’s arms and legs

After spending too much time curled up in the tight space of the uterus, your baby needs time to adjust and stretch. Your baby’s arms and legs will pull out for a week or two. When the baby starts to stretch, he will appear a little limp until she starts to walk.

Some babies like to be swaddled – wrapped snugly in a blanket – because it is similar to when a baby was in the womb.

 

3. The baby’s abdomen

Your baby may lose a bit of weight during the first week, but he or she will return to its original weight in the second week and continue to gain weight in the following months.

After ten to 21 days, the baby’s umbilical cord falls off, leaving a lovely little navel. Some babies have a dry umbilical cord, others may release a little blood-stained fluid. Keep dry and clean it with a cotton swab dipped in a little rubbing alcohol, and it will heal on its own. If the cord has not fallen out after 1 month, talk to your baby’s doctor.

 

4. Genitals and breasts

The genitals and breasts of newborn boys and girls are often swollen. This is caused by the dose of hormone supplements taken immediately before birth. Some milk may even leak from your baby’s nipple. Don’t try to squeeze this liquid out – it is harmless and will dry on its own. Girls may have some white discharge or blood-stained vaginal mucus. All of this should go away in the first few weeks.

 

5. Baby’s skin

Newborn skin changes depending on how long it is born. Premature babies have thin, almost transparent skin and are covered with hairs on their bodies. You will also see a milky white substance, protecting the baby’s delicate skin from amniotic fluid. A full term baby will appear with less hair and white wax on the child’s body.

All children in this world are born with reddish-purple skin that turns red-pink in a day or so. Pink is because blood vessels are visible through the baby’s still thin skin. Because your baby’s blood circulation is still maturing, his arms and legs may be a little bluish for a few days. Over the next six months, your baby’s skin color will be clearly defined.

If a baby’s skin turns pale yellow during the first few days of life, the baby may experience mild jaundice. More than half of healthy babies show signs of jaundice, which occurs when the body breaks down additional red blood cells. Jaundice usually goes away in a week or so in full term babies. Usually nothing serious, however if this condition persists, you should consult your doctor.

Not going away jaundice could be a sign of a metabolic disorder or liver problems. Your doctor may order a simple blood or skin test to determine if your baby needs treatment. In addition, doctors will perform phototherapy for children with jaundice.

About 40% of babies get millet disease, which are tiny white or yellow spots on the face that look like tiny pimples. They usually go away without treatment after about 3 to 4 weeks.

If your child has small, pus bumps that leave dark brown bumps as they break open, it could be a rash. This newborn rash is more common in African American babies. There is no need to treat this condition. Signs should disappear by the time your baby is 3 or 4 months old.

Acne is not unusual in babies. About 1% of babies experience acne during the first month, the result of maternal hormones circulating in the baby’s body after birth. Newborn acne can appear on a baby’s forehead and cheeks. It can get worse if your baby is lying on a rug that has been washed with strong detergent or was spit on. Place a soft, clean blanket under the baby’s head when they wake up, and gently wash their face once a day with baby soap to remove detergent or milk residue. Usually acne goes away on its own within a few months after the excess hormones are gone.

Spot-like birthmarks (flat patches of skin that look like ink stains) are also common. They come in many different shapes, sizes and colors, and can appear anywhere on a baby’s body. Some birthmarks may not appear for a few days or weeks after birth. Most birthmarks are harmless. Many birthmarks will go away on their own during the first few years of your life, however, some other birthmarks will follow you forever.

 

6. Baby’s hair

African-American babies are usually born with straight black hair, and a white couple may have a baby with red or blond hair. That said, infant hair doesn’t tend to have much influence on how your child’s later hair will look. Even if your baby is born with thick hair, he may experience hair loss in the first few weeks or months.

Don’t worry – hair will grow back, though infant hair may return in a completely different color. Your child’s hair texture often changes during the first six months. For example, you may find thicker, stiffer hairs grow in place of your baby’s soft, curly curls.

 

7. The eyes of an infant

Many African-American, Asian and Hispanic babies are born with gray-brown eyes and no noticeable color change, however some infants have chestnut brown eyes and later should be darker at 6 months of age. Most white babies are born with dark blue eyes, which can take months or years to know their exact permanent eye color. Usually, the eye color you see at 6 to 9 months is the surrounding eye color.

Some babies have red spots on the whites of their eyes. Don’t worry, this is just a harmless side effect of birth trauma. This is called a subcutaneous hemorrhage and should go away after a few days.

 

8. Baby’s ears

Your baby’s ears are soft, and one of the ear edges may be slightly bent. When the cartilage in your baby’s ears becomes more stiff, his ear will return to its normal shape.

 

9. The baby’s nose

A newborn baby’s nose may become swollen due to pressure during birth. A child’s appearance and behavior will change quite a bit during the first year of life.

The Pediatric Department at Vinmec International Hospital system is the place to receive and examine diseases that babies and children are susceptible to: viral fever, bacterial fever, otitis media, pneumonia in children. , … With modern equipment, sterile space, minimize the impact as well as the risk of disease spread. Along with that is the dedication from the doctors who are experienced and specialized with the pediatric patients, making the examination no longer a concern of parents.

 

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Exercise During Pregnancy

Maintaining a regular exercise routine throughout your pregnancy can help you stay healthy and feel your best. It can also improve your posture and decrease some common discomforts like backaches and fatigue. There is evidence that it may prevent gestational diabetes (diabetes that develops during pregnancy), relieve stress, and build more stamina needed for labor and delivery.

If you were physically active before your pregnancy, you should be able to continue your activity with modifications as necessary. You can exercise at your former level as long as you are comfortable and have your doctor’s approval. Low impact aerobics are encouraged versus high impact. Do not let your heart rate exceed 140 beats per minute. The pregnant competitive athlete should be closely followed by an obstetrical provider.

 

If you have never exercised regularly before, you can safely begin an exercise program during pregnancy after consulting with your healthcare provider. Do not try a new, strenuous activity. Walking and swimming are considered safe to initiate when pregnant. The American College of Obstetrics and Gynecology recommends 30 minutes or more of moderate exercise per day on most if not all days of the week, unless you have a medical or obstetric complication.

Why exercise during pregnancy?

  • During pregnancy, exercise can:
  • Reduce backaches, constipation, bloating and swelling
  • Boost your mood and energy levels
  • Help you sleep better
  • Prevent excess weight gain
  • Promote muscle tone, strength and endurance

Other possible benefits of following a regular exercise program during pregnancy may include:

  • A lower risk of gestational diabetes
  • Shortened labor
  • A reduced risk of having a C-section

Pregnancy and exercise: Getting the OK

Before you begin an exercise program, make sure you have your health care provider’s OK. Although exercise during pregnancy is generally good for both mother and baby, your doctor might advise you not to exercise if you have:

  • Some forms of heart and lung disease
  • Preeclampsia or high blood pressure that develops for the first time during pregnancy
  • Cervical problems
  • Persistent vaginal bleeding during the second or third trimester
  • Placenta problems

It may also not be safe to exercise during pregnancy if you have any of these other complications:

  • Preterm labor during your current pregnancy
  • A multiple pregnancy at risk of preterm labor
  • Premature rupture of the membranes
  • Severe anemia

Pacing it for pregnancy

For most pregnant women, at least 30 minutes of moderate-intensity exercise is recommended on most, if not all, days of the week.

Walking is a great exercise for beginners. It provides moderate aerobic conditioning with minimal stress on your joints. Other good choices include swimming, low-impact aerobics and cycling on a stationary bike. Strength training is OK, too, as long as you stick to relatively low weights.

Remember to warm up, stretch and cool down. Drink plenty of fluids to stay hydrated, and be careful to avoid overheating.

Intense exercise increases oxygen and blood flow to the muscles and away from your uterus. In general, you should be able to carry on a conversation while you’re exercising. If you can’t speak normally while you’re working out, you’re probably pushing yourself too hard.

Depending on your fitness level, consider these guidelines:

  • You haven’t exercised for a while. Begin with as little as 10 minutes of physical activity a day. Build up to 15 minutes, 20 minutes, and so on, until you reach at least 30 minutes a day.
  • You exercised before pregnancy. You can probably continue to work out at the same level while you’re pregnant — as long as you’re feeling comfortable and your health care provider says it’s OK.

Listen to your body

As important as it is to exercise, it’s also important to watch for signs of a problem. Stop exercising and contact your health care provider if you have:

  • Vaginal bleeding
  • Dizziness
  • Headache
  • Increased shortness of breath before you start exercising
  • Chest pain

Other warning signs to watch for include:

  • Painful uterine contractions that continue after rest
  • Fluid leaking or gushing from your vagina
  • Calf pain or swelling
  • Muscle weakness affecting balance

A healthy choice

Regular exercise can help you cope with the physical changes of pregnancy and build stamina for the challenges ahead. If you haven’t been exercising regularly, use pregnancy as your motivation to begin.

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