Being a mother is probably the most difficult job in the world that not everyone can undertake without knowing these basic skills.
1. Skills to hold babies
For the first time as a mother, there will be many women who do not know how to hold the baby in the right position, both not to upset the baby and avoid the mother from straining too much. Mom should note, the weakest part and need to focus on the baby’s first support is the head-neck. Mom needs to put one hand under the baby’s head, the other hand supports the baby’s buttocks.
Newborn babies should be breathing softly, not fully closed, mothers need to be careful and avoid touching them and other soft spots on the baby’s head. Always hold the baby closest to the mother’s chest, helping keep the baby safe and creating a feeling of being protected and protected for the baby.
2. Self-care skills
The first month after your baby is born is an important time for both mother and baby. It is important that the mother takes care of herself so that she can take the best care of her baby.
Mothers should arrange and prepare for themselves a scientific diet, ensuring adequate nutrients for the baby to breastfeed and keeping healthy for themselves. Try to sleep with each time the baby sleeps to make sure the mother does not lose sleep, lack of sleep, tired of looking after the baby.
3. Skills to wrap the baby
First, mom folds one edge of the bandana to form a diamond shape, puts the baby on the towel, wraps one side of the towel with the body and one hand and clamps it under the baby’s back.
Continue to take the bottom of the towel, fold it upwards over your feet, and tuck it behind your shoulders. Finally, fold the remaining side of the towel and the other hand so that it is neat and tuck it under the baby’s body. Correctly wrapping the towel will help your baby feel more reassured because it is protected as safely in the womb, and the baby will quickly fall asleep.
4. Breastfeeding positions
The first few days after birth, breast milk will play an important role in providing the necessary nutrients for your baby. However, the mother and baby may encounter some difficulties when breastfeeding, such as too short nipples, low breast milk, babies asking for too much milk, blocked breast milk, breast infections … It is necessary to ensure and not to ignore the skill of choosing the correct posture when breastfeeding, because choosing the right position will help the baby comfortably suckle and fill with milk, but the mother can still take advantage of rest.
5. Help your baby burp
Infants have an incomplete digestive system, babies are prone to bloating after eating. Mom needs to know how to pat the back to help the baby burp, release excess gas in the stomach so that
the baby feels more comfortable, especially in the first few months after birth. The mother carried the baby on the shoulder, the baby was pressed against the mother’s chest, the baby’s chin rested on the mother’s shoulder, paying attention to keep the baby’s head and neck resting on her shoulder. Then the mother used her hand to rub or gently pat the baby’s back to push out the air.
6. Handling when a child choked, choking
When detecting that the child is choking, the mother needs to apply the airway clearance, pushing the foreign object out of the child’s airway by placing the baby on his lap, his head slightly down. Hold the baby in one hand, one hand use the palm of the hand to pat the baby strongly 5-7 times on the back – between the shoulder blades, this action will increase the pressure in the child’s chest to push the object out.
After finishing, if the child still has difficulty breathing, turns cyanosis, parents need to put the baby on his back, use two index fingers to press quickly, strongly, suddenly into the sternum to push the foreign object out.
7. Baby massage skills
To practice massage, massage for the baby, the mother follow these steps: Place the baby on a towel on a large flat surface like a bed, start massaging the baby with vegetable oil. Massage from the baby’s legs, then arms, then the baby’s chest and finally the baby’s back.
8. Baby bath skills
The first important thing is that babies only need to bathe with mild soap for the first week after birth. After the baby has lost the umbilical cord and the umbilical cord is completely dry, the mother should immerse the baby in a tub or bath. Before bathing the baby, mothers need to check the temperature of the bath water, prepare enough utensils to bathe the baby, and absolutely do not leave the baby alone in the bath.
9. How to calm your baby to sleep
Due to the big change from the dark and humid space in the womb to the light and noise-filled atmosphere, the baby cannot get used to it immediately. During the day, mothers try to keep the room bright and cool and turn off the lights at night to help the baby distinguish between day and night. Do not make eye contact or talk with your baby at bedtime. If so, the baby will gradually fall asleep and be more organized.
10. Diaper / diaper changing skills
When the baby has not shed the umbilical cord, the mother absolutely does not let the diaper touch or press on the umbilical cord. When cleaning the baby, mothers need to wipe from front to back, especially girls to avoid infection in the baby’s genital area. Dry before packing new diapers and diapers. If your baby shows signs of rash or redness, remove the diaper, diaper and apply anti-diaper cream until the baby is completely gone, then use diapers and diapers.
11. Stay close to your children
To create a strong bond from the first few months of life, mothers strengthen their sickness, comfort and carry skin to skin with the baby. The baby’s vision is limited, only about 30cm, so the mother should come close, smile and talk to the baby. Mom can sing lullaby to baby, play games with baby, massage baby. Taking every opportunity to be closer to your baby will help strengthen and develop the mother-baby bond over the years.