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Feeding Your Newborn: Tips For New Parents

Feeding your newborn: Tips for new parents

One of the most common questions new parents have is how often their baby should eat. The best answer is surprisingly simple: in general, babies should be fed whenever they seem hungry.

How do I know when my baby is hungry?

For babies born prematurely​ or with certain medical conditions, scheduled feedings advised by your pediatrician are best. But for most healthy, full-term infants, parents can look to their baby rather than the clock for hunger cues. This is called feeding on demand, or responsive feeding.

Most newborns need eight to 12 feedings a day — about one feeding every two to three hours.

Hunger cues

A hungry baby often will cry. But it’s best to watch for hunger cues before the baby starts crying, which is a late sign of hunger and can make it hard for them to settle down and eat.

Other typical hunger cues include:

Licking lips

Sticking tongue out

Rooting (moving jaw and mouth or head in search of breast)

Putting his/her hand to mouth repeatedly

Opening her mouth

Fussiness

Sucking on everything around

It is important to realize, however, that every time your baby cries or sucks it is not necessarily because he or she is hungry. Babies suck not only for hunger, but also for comfort; it can be hard at first for parents to tell the difference. Sometimes, your baby just needs to be cuddled or changed.

Stick with breast milk or formula

Breast milk is the ideal food for babies — with rare exceptions. If breast-feeding isn’t possible, use infant formula. Healthy newborns don’t need cereal, water, juice or other fluids.

What are the benefits of breastfeeding?

For your baby

Any amount of breastfeeding is beneficial, even if you choose to provide breastmilk alongside formula.

Breastmilk helps:
improved immunity to many infectious diseases, due to the antibodies in breast milk
support a healthy weight and prevention of obesity
reduce the risk of sudden unexplained death in infancy (SUDI)

For mother

Breastmilk helps:
your uterus contract and return to its pre-pregnant size
prevent a range of health issues such as heart disease, breast and ovarian cancer, and type 2 diabetes

Concerns About Overfeeding or Underfeeding:

Too full?

Babies are usually pretty good at eating the right amount, but they can sometimes take in more than they need. Infants who are bottle feeding may be more likely to overfeed, because drinking from a bottle may take less effort than breastfeeding.

Overfed babies can have stomach pains, gas, spit up or vomit and be at higher risk for obesity later in life. It’s better to offer less, since you can always give more if your baby wants it.

This also gives babies time to realize when they’re full.

If you are concerned your baby wants to eat all the time―even when he or she is full―talk with your pediatrician. Pacifiers may be used after feeding to help sooth healthy-weight babies who like to suck for comfort, rather than nutrition. For babies who are breastfed, it’s best to wait to offer pacifiers until around 3 to 4 weeks of age, when breastfeeding is well-established.

Trouble gaining weight?

Most babies will double their birth weight by 5 months of age and triple their birth weight by their first birthday. If your baby is having trouble gaining weight, don’t wait too long between feeding―even if it means waking your baby. Be sure to talk with your pediatrician about how often and how much to feed your baby.

How do I know if my baby is getting enough to eat?

Daily diapers

A newborn’s diaper is a good indicator of whether he or she is getting enough to eat. In the first few days after birth, a baby should have 2 to 3 wet diapers each day. After the first 4 to 5 days, a baby should have at least 5 to 6 wet diapers a day. Stool frequency is more variable and depends whether your baby is breast or formula fed.

Growth charts

During regular health check-ups, your pediatrician will check your baby’s weight and plot it on a growth chart. Your baby’s progress on the growth chart is one way to tell whether or not he or she is getting enough food. Babies who stay in healthy growth percentile ranges are probably getting a healthy amount of food during feedings.

Top tips for deciding how to feed your baby

Speak with your maternity care provider about what’s right for you. Try not to make any firm decisions until after your baby is born.

Understand that breastfeeding is a skill that every mother and baby can learn, and it can take time to build confidence and to get to know each other.

Only you know what’s right for you and your baby. If you give your baby the nutrition they need, you don’t need to justify which option you choose.

Be patient with yourself and your baby as you both learn what’s involved in feeding.

Remember, what’s important is that your baby is content and gets the nutrition they need to grow and thrive.

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Important Tips for Parents- Newborn Baby Care

The first few months with your newborn can be chaotic and overwhelming for first-time parents. You will get all kinds of contradicting advice from everyone about newborn baby care. Deciding what advice to follow in regards to newborn care can be confusing. Caring for a newborn is exhausting and challenging, but it is also one of the most wonderful and rewarding experiences of your life.

1. Feeding

It is very important to feed the baby on time. A newborn has to be fed every 2 to 3 hours, which means you need to nurse her 8-12 times in 24 hours. An infant should be fed only breast milk for the first 6 months. Breast milk contains vital nutrients and antibodies that are required for a baby’s survival and growth. Nurse the baby for 10 minutes at least. Hold the breast near your baby’s lips until she latches on firmly and starts sucking. If the baby has latched on correctly, the mother will not experience any pain in her nipples. The breast should feel less full once the baby is done feeding. This is an indication that the baby is getting enough milk. In case breast milk is not an option, feed the baby with a doctor-recommended formula. The baby should get 60 to 90 ml of formula per feeding.

2. Burping

Once the baby is fed, she needs to be burped. Babies swallow air while feeding, which causes gas and colic in their tummies. Burping expels this excess air, thus aiding in digestion and preventing spit-ups and stomach colic. Gently hold the baby against your chest with one hand. Her chin should rest on your shoulder. Pat or stroke her back very gently with your other hand until she burps.

3. Diapering

Changing diapers frequently is an important aspect when taking care of a newborn baby after delivery. If your baby is getting sufficient breast milk or formula, she will wet at least 6 to 8 diapers in a day, along with regular bowel movements. Change her diaper frequently, as soon as it feels full. You may even have to change it at least 10 times a day. To change a dirty diaper, you will need a changing sheet, gentle diaper wipes, diaper rash cream or baby powder and fresh diapers. In order to prevent UTI, wipe your baby girl from front to back rather than back to front. And let your baby remain without a diaper for a few hours each day.

4. Bathing

Bathing a newborn is a delicate task. The bath is usually given 2-6 hours after birth in a healthy term baby weighing more than 2500 g. However, bathing can be delayed in certain situations such as winter. In a low birth weight infant, bathing should be delayed until the cord has fallen off. You should start bathing the baby 2 to 3 times a week after the cord stump dries and falls off. Make sure you have all the bathing and changing supplies ready before you take the baby for a bath. Bath time just before bedtime helps babies sleep more soundly. You will need an infant bathtub, lukewarm water, mild baby soap or body wash, a washcloth, soft towel, baby lotion or cream, new diaper, and fresh baby clothes. Get your partner or a family member to help, so that one person can hold the baby’s neck and head above the water while the other bathes the baby. Use soap sparingly. Clean the baby’s genitals, scalp, hair, neck, face, and any dried mucous that has collected around the nose with the washcloth. Rinse your baby’s body with lukewarm water. Once this is done, dry the baby’s body with a soft towel, apply lotion and put on a fresh diaper and baby clothes.

5. Massaging

Massaging is a great way to bond with your baby. It also helps in soothing the baby to sleep and in improving blood circulation and digestion. Spread a small quantity of baby oil or lotion on your hands. Next, gently and rhythmically stroke her body. Maintain eye contact with the baby and talk to her when massaging her body. A good time to massage the baby is before her bath.

6. Handling Your Newborn

There are a few things to keep in mind when playing with your baby. Never shake your baby as her internal organs are delicate and can be damaged by vigorous shaking. Do not throw the baby up into the air, as this can be dangerous. Always disinfect or wash your hands before handling the baby, as their immune systems are not fully developed, and they are vulnerable to infections. Ensure that your baby is fastened securely in a stroller, car seat, or baby carrier if you are taking her out. Make your baby lie on her tummy every day for a short while. This will make her neck and back muscles stronger. It will also improve her vision, as she will need to look up and sideways to see.

7. Sleeping

Newborns need to sleep for about 16 hours a day in the first 2 months. They usually take naps that are 2 to 4 hours long and wake up if they are hungry or wet. As the baby needs to be fed every 3 hours, you may need to wake her and feed her. Do not worry in case she does not follow the ideal newborn sleep pattern. Every baby is different and has a different sleep cycle. You should also remember to alternate your baby’s head position while she is sleeping. This prevents the formation of flat spots on the head. Make sure you put the baby to sleep on her back to avoid suffocation. A mother should try to take naps along with the baby. She can also use the time to have a bath or eat a meal peacefully while her baby is asleep.

8. How to Hold Your Newborn

It is very important to ensure that you are supporting your baby’s head and neck with one hand while holding her. This is because her neck muscles are not yet strong enough to hold up the head independently. The backbone is also still growing and becoming stronger. The neck will be able to support the head on its own only after 3 months of age. So pay attention to supporting your baby’s head and neck while taking care of a newborn baby.

9. Umbilical Cord Stump Care

An important aspect of newborn baby care in the 1st month is caring for the umbilical cord stump. Give a bath 2-6 hours after birth with lukewarm water in a healthy newborn. Keep the navel area clean and dry. Keep the baby’s diaper folded down so that the stump can dry. Disinfect your hands before handling the navel area. To clean, use a damp cloth and dry with a clean, absorbent cloth. Look out for signs of infection in the cord-stump area. If there is redness, swelling, smelly discharge or pus, and bleeding in the navel area, take the baby to a paediatrician.

10. Trimming Nails

Newborn nails grow very fast. The baby may scratch her own face or body with her hand movements. Hence, it is important to keep the baby’s nails trimmed. As the nails of a baby are soft, so use baby nail clippers. Try and trim the nails gently when the baby is asleep. Do not trim it too deeply as the nails are very tender and it could be painful for the baby. Do not trim the edges of the nails as this will cause ingrown nails.
New parents should seek help from family or friends so that they can rest and take care of themselves too. First-time parents of a newborn can be quite perplexed about several aspects of newborn baby care. This article will help new moms care for their newborns with confidence.

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How To Bath A New Born

Until the baby starts getting down and dirty on the ground, a daily bath isn’t needed. In fact, your newborn baby will only really need a bath two or three times a week — at first a sponge bath, until his umbilical cord stump heals (about one to four weeks after birth), then a baby tub bath, and eventually a tub bath, when baby can sit up on his own and outgrows the infant tub).

There’s nothing cuter than seeing a baby splashing in the bath, soapy suds dotting his chubby folds and dimples.

How often to give your newborn a bath

A bath 2-3 times a week is enough to keep your newborn clean. But if your baby really likes baths, your baby can bath once a day. Bathing more than this can dry out your baby’s skin.

You can keep your baby’s genitals clean between baths by using warm water and cotton wool.

About 5-10 minutes is long enough for a newborn bath. This is especially important if your baby has dry or sensitive skin.

When to give your newborn a bath

You can bath your baby at any time of the day. It’s a good idea to pick a time when you’re relaxed and you won’t be interrupted. And it’s best to avoid bathing your baby when the baby is hungry or straight after a feed.

If bathing relaxes your baby, you can use it as a way to settle your baby for sleep in the evening.

Where to bathe your newborn

You can give your newborn a bath in a small plastic bath or even in the kitchen sink. The kitchen sink might be easiest in the first few weeks. A plastic baby bath is probably easier once your baby gets bigger.

You can bath your baby in any room that’s warm, safe and clean – it doesn’t have to be a bathroom.

You can also shower with your baby. Keep your baby’s face away from the pouring water and make sure to use warm, not hot, water

Setting up a newborn bath

Here’s how to get ready for a newborn bath:

Take the phone off the hook or turn your phone off while bathing your baby. You’ll be less likely to get distracted.

Make sure you have everything you need within reach – for example, towel, washcloth, cream or ointment, clean clothes and clean nappy.

Avoid using soap because this will dry out your baby’s skin. If needed, use a fragrance-free oil or a gentle non-soap cleanser at the end of the bath.

Position the bath somewhere stable and at a height where you can comfortably hold your baby.

Fill the bath with just enough warm water to wash your baby. Use jugs of water to fill the bath if you’re planning to bath your baby away from the tap.

Take off your watch and jewellery and wash your hands.

Check the water temperature is 37-38°C before you put your baby in the bath. If you don’t have a thermometer, use your wrist or elbow to test the temperature – it should be comfortably warm, not hot.

Before bathing your baby in a sink, briefly run cold water through the tap once you’ve finished filling the bath.

Don’t add extra water while your baby is in the bath.

Giving your newborn a bath

These steps make bathing your newborn easy:

Before undressing your baby, wipe their eyelids (from inner eye to outer eye) with cotton wool dipped in lukewarm water. Squeeze out extra water. Use a new piece of cotton wool for each wipe.

Then wash the whole face. Be careful not to put anything into your baby’s ears or nose.

Undress your baby, taking the nappy off last.

Cradle your baby’s head and shoulders with one arm and support their body with your other arm. Gently lower your baby into the bath, feet first, keeping a close hold at all times.

Supporting your baby’s head, lay your baby down in the bath so the back of their head is in the water. Gently splash some water onto their head. You don’t need to use shampoo.

Gently wash your baby’s genitals and bottom last, using water only. Also clean out any bits of poo, vomit or milk from your baby’s body creases.

Drying and dressing your newborn after a bath

Here’s how to take your newborn out of the bath, ready for drying and dressing:

Supporting your baby’s head and neck, lift your baby out of the bath then place them on their back on a clean, dry, soft towel. If possible, dry your baby on the floor so they can’t fall. If you’re changing your baby on a raised surface like a table, keep one hand on your baby at all times.

Wrap your baby in a soft towel and pat baby dry. Dry baby’s skin creases, including armpits, groin, under the chin, around the neck and behind the ears.

If your baby’s skin is dry, apply a non-perfumed cream or ointment to your baby’s skin.

If your baby has nappy rash, apply a thick barrier cream like zinc paste to the nappy area.

Dress your baby, putting their nappy on first.

Place your baby in a safe place, like a cot or bassinet.

Empty the bath water.

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How Much Sleep Do Babies Need?

Sleep is of paramount importance to young children. Early in life, a person experiences tremendous development that affects the brain, body, emotions, and behavior and sets the stage for their continued growth through childhood and adolescence

Newborn sleep overview

It helps to remember a few tenets of newborn baby sleep so you don’t tear your hair out when you’re up in the middle of the night time and time again:

1. Newborns sleep for most of the day.

A newborn baby doesn’t have much of a pattern to his sleep schedule. Baby will be sleeping anywhere from 14 to 17 out of every 24 hours, give or take. Your little one will probably only be awake for 30 minutes to an hour at a time, and will nap anywhere from 15 minutes to three hours at a stretch.

2. Newborns need to eat around the clock.

Newborns have very tiny tummies, so while it would be nice to load up your baby with breast milk or formula at bedtime and not hear from him until morning, it doesn’t work that way (at least not yet). Newborn babies need to eat at least every two to four hours, including overnight.

Babies under 12 months: sleep needs

0-3 months

Most newborns don’t have definite day and night sleep patterns. They’re still learning to tell the difference between day and night.

Newborns generally sleep for 16-20 hours in a 24-hour period, but they wake every 2-4 hours to be fed. They need lots of feed because they have tiny tummies.

Over the first 12 weeks most newborns start to develop day and night sleep patterns. By three months, babies are averaging 14-15 hours of sleep in each 24-hour period.

3-6 months

At this age, most babies sleep 10-18 hours in a 24-hour period. On average, they sleep around 14 hours.

Although they’re growing quickly, babies still need to wake for feeding at this age.

Sleeping patterns vary a lot, but babies generally nap three times during the day. Most babies need help to settle to sleep.

6-12 months

During these months most babies still sleep for around 14 hours in a 24-hour period.

Here’s what to expect during the day:

Most babies nap during the day.

Naps usually last 1-2 hours. Some babies sleep longer. Up to a quarter of all babies of this age nap for less than an hour.

And here’s what to expect at night:

Most babies are ready for bed between 6 pm and 10 pm.

Most babies take less than 30 minutes to get to sleep.

Many babies wake during the night and need an adult to settle them back to sleep. About 1 in 10 babies will do this 3-4 times a night.

More than a third of parents say they have problems with their baby’s sleep at this age.

Babies over 12 months: sleep needs

At 12-18 months old, babies generally sleep 13-15 hours over a 24-hour period. Most babies have naps twice a day until around 18 months. Around this time babies often go from having two naps to having one longer daytime nap.

Some babies start to resist going to sleep at night, preferring to stay up with the family. This peaks at around 18 months and tends to go away with age.

What if my baby isn’t sleeping enough?

There is also a chance that your baby might be sleeping too little and not clocking the required amount of shut-eye for her age.

If your baby sleep log shows that her daytime and nighttime hours fall short of what she should be getting in a 24-hour period and you see telltale signs of an overtired baby — including persistent fussiness, trouble settling down to sleep at night, and short catnaps instead of full naps, to name a few — talk to your pediatrician about how to help your little one get enough sleep.

Getting to know your baby’s sleep cues and following a consistent, soothing bedtime routine are among the tips you’ll likely get from your doctor.

As you slog through the early days, weeks and months with your baby, know that she’s very likely on the right track when it comes to the amount of sleep she needs. So while it may seem as if no one’s getting enough Zzzs at your house, in time there will be a little more shut-eye for everyone — and soon your baby will be sleeping like a champ.

How Does Feeding Affect Sleep for Babies?

There is some debate about how and whether the method of feeding affects a baby’s sleep. While some research has found more nighttime awakenings in babies who are breastfed, other studies have found little difference between sleep patterns of breastfed and formula-fed babies.

Overall, because of documented health benefits apart from sleep, the AAP recommends exclusively breastfeeding for six months and then continuing with complementary breastfeeding for a year or more. Although not firmly established, there is some evidence that babies who are breastfed may have better sleep during their preschool years.

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Why Do Babies Look So Funny?

Having a child is the happiest thing and it brings parents a lot of change. No matter how carefully prepared you are, you will surely find that the baby’s skin is wrinkled, looks strange and very funny.

1. The head of a newborn

An infant’s head may look a bit distorted or slightly pointed. This happens when the baby goes through a prolonged delivery process. Your baby’s head will return to its original shape in a week or two.

Babies born by cesarean section do not experience pressure when passing through the delivery process, so the baby has an advantage in appearance. The baby’s head becomes beautiful and round because his face is not swollen as much as a baby is born with.

The soft spots on the baby’s head are known as the infant’s tubules, or the vestibular opening. These are triangular airways in the skull covered with a thick layer of skin. The fontanelle is divided into two parts, one in the front and the other in the back – allowing the baby’s skull to be compressed during childbirth, and after the baby is born, it allows the brain to develop rapidly.

The posterior tube takes about six months to close. The anterior systole takes 12 to 24 months to close.

Babies’ scalp often appears red and flaky buffalo shit. It usually goes away in a few weeks or months and rarely causes discomfort or itching. If you notice buffalo shit on your baby’s head, try washing your hair more often with baby shampoo and using a soft bristle brush. Do not use herbal shampoos without first consulting your baby’s doctor as they can irritate your child’s delicate and soft skin.

2. The infant’s arms and legs

After spending too much time curled up in the tight space of the uterus, your baby needs time to adjust and stretch. Your baby’s arms and legs will pull out for a week or two. When the baby starts to stretch, he will appear a little limp until she starts to walk.

Some babies like to be swaddled – wrapped snugly in a blanket – because it is similar to when a baby was in the womb.

3. The baby’s abdomen

Your baby may lose a bit of weight during the first week, but he or she will return to its original weight in the second week and continue to gain weight in the following months.

After ten to 21 days, the baby’s umbilical cord falls off, leaving a lovely little navel. Some babies have a dry umbilical cord, others may release a little blood-stained fluid. Keep dry and clean it with a cotton swab dipped in a little rubbing alcohol, and it will heal on its own. If the cord has not fallen out after 1 month, talk to your baby’s doctor.

4. Genitals and breasts

The genitals and breasts of newborn boys and girls are often swollen. This is caused by the dose of hormone supplements taken immediately before birth. Some milk may even leak from your baby’s nipple. Don’t try to squeeze this liquid out – it is harmless and will dry on its own. Girls may have some white discharge or blood-stained vaginal mucus. All of this should go away in the first few weeks.

5. Baby’s skin

Newborn skin changes depending on how long it is born. Premature babies have thin, almost transparent skin and are covered with hairs on their bodies. You will also see a milky white substance, protecting the baby’s delicate skin from amniotic fluid. A full term baby will appear with less hair and white wax on the child’s body.

All children in this world are born with reddish-purple skin that turns red-pink in a day or so. Pink is because blood vessels are visible through the baby’s still thin skin. Because your baby’s blood circulation is still maturing, his arms and legs may be a little bluish for a few days. Over the next six months, your baby’s skin color will be clearly defined.

If a baby’s skin turns pale yellow during the first few days of life, the baby may experience mild jaundice. More than half of healthy babies show signs of jaundice, which occurs when the body breaks down additional red blood cells. Jaundice usually goes away in a week or so in full term babies. Usually nothing serious, however if this condition persists, you should consult your doctor.

Not going away jaundice could be a sign of a metabolic disorder or liver problems. Your doctor may order a simple blood or skin test to determine if your baby needs treatment. In addition, doctors will perform phototherapy for children with jaundice.

About 40% of babies get millet disease, which are tiny white or yellow spots on the face that look like tiny pimples. They usually go away without treatment after about 3 to 4 weeks.

If your child has small, pus bumps that leave dark brown bumps as they break open, it could be a rash. This newborn rash is more common in African American babies. There is no need to treat this condition. Signs should disappear by the time your baby is 3 or 4 months old.

Acne is not unusual in babies. About 1% of babies experience acne during the first month, the result of maternal hormones circulating in the baby’s body after birth. Newborn acne can appear on a baby’s forehead and cheeks. It can get worse if your baby is lying on a rug that has been washed with strong detergent or was spit on. Place a soft, clean blanket under the baby’s head when they wake up, and gently wash their face once a day with baby soap to remove detergent or milk residue. Usually acne goes away on its own within a few months after the excess hormones are gone.

Spot-like birthmarks (flat patches of skin that look like ink stains) are also common. They come in many different shapes, sizes and colors, and can appear anywhere on a baby’s body. Some birthmarks may not appear for a few days or weeks after birth. Most birthmarks are harmless. Many birthmarks will go away on their own during the first few years of your life, however, some other birthmarks will follow you forever.

6. Baby’s hair

African-American babies are usually born with straight black hair, and a white couple may have a baby with red or blond hair. That said, infant hair doesn’t tend to have much influence on how your child’s later hair will look. Even if your baby is born with thick hair, he may experience hair loss in the first few weeks or months.
Don’t worry – hair will grow back, though infant hair may return in a completely different color. Your child’s hair texture often changes during the first six months. For example, you may find thicker, stiffer hairs grow in place of your baby’s soft, curly curls.

7. The eyes of an infant

Many African-American, Asian and Hispanic babies are born with gray-brown eyes and no noticeable color change, however some infants have chestnut brown eyes and later should be darker at 6 months of age. Most white babies are born with dark blue eyes, which can take months or years to know their exact permanent eye color. Usually, the eye color you see at 6 to 9 months is the surrounding eye color.

Some babies have red spots on the whites of their eyes. Don’t worry, this is just a harmless side effect of birth trauma. This is called a subcutaneous hemorrhage and should go away after a few days.

8. Baby’s ears

Your baby’s ears are soft, and one of the ear edges may be slightly bent. When the cartilage in your baby’s ears becomes more stiff, his ear will return to its normal shape.

9. The baby’s nose

A newborn baby’s nose may become swollen due to pressure during birth. A child’s appearance and behavior will change quite a bit during the first year of life.

The Pediatric Department at Vinmec International Hospital system is the place to receive and examine diseases that babies and children are susceptible to: viral fever, bacterial fever, otitis media, pneumonia in children. , … With modern equipment, sterile space, minimize the impact as well as the risk of disease spread. Along with that is the dedication from the doctors who are experienced and specialized with the pediatric patients, making the examination no longer a concern of parents.

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Choose Music For Babies And Children

Let your baby listen to music to get acquainted with music as soon as possible, because music helps children develop their intelligence, senses and communication skills.

Babies can feel the pitches and low rhythms of music, parents’ voices,…even in the womb. According to scientists, letting children listen to music from the first years of life has a very positive influence on the development of language, communication and creativity of children.

When to let your baby listen to music?

As soon as possible is the answer, but that doesn’t mean your 3-month-old baby needs serious music exposure through school. Give your baby the opportunity to interact with music through daily activities, while playing, sleeping, and eating. Dr. Peter deVries, professor of Education at Monash University Australia offers the following advice:

Lullaby whenever you can, right from the moment your baby is born.

Discover sounds and music together with your child through daily activities, guide and play together as they tap a spoon on the table to make different sounds, play toys which can play music like a guitar or a music box.

Encourage your child to make music such as tapping on a toy guitar, or learning to sing. You should also encourage and practice your baby to dance every time you listen to music, this is also very good for your baby.

Changing musical melody: after your baby has become acquainted and interested in certain songs and songs, let him listen to new genres of music with richer rhythms that require illustrative movements. graphics of the body are more complex. At the same time, in order for your baby to feel the change of musical rhythm, choose a song that is fast, slow or has many climaxes.

Expose your baby to musical instruments or music toys: you can buy them some toy musical instruments such as small drums, piano, harmonica, bells so they can play these instruments on their own with simple movements : typing, pressing keys, blowing … creates a variety of rich sounds, stimulating your baby’s excitement. Even a baby under 12 months of age can hold a bell and make different sounds with delight.

Listening to music with your baby: choose a few songs or non-verbal music to listen to with your baby, help your baby gradually get used to the rhythm, lively, joyful, lyrical, gentle … corresponding to emotional states such as happiness, anger … From there, babies will distinguish simple actions and expressions of emotional states.

Teach your baby how to simulate rhythm: use drums or some other simple musical instrument to create a series of sounds with a simple and clear rhythm, then let them do it again. Or clap your hands at different tones for your baby to imitate.

Music for babies and children is beneficial for children’s development. Mom try it now!

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5 Simple Pregnancy Exercise

During pregnancy, you are doing what seems almost unimaginable—you are growing another human being inside you. And, because of this herculean task, you may be tempted to spend most of your downtime relaxing on the couch. However, there are countless benefits for both mom and baby to maintain a fitness routine through pregnancy (once approved by your doctor).

Staying active can decrease many of the common aches and pains that come along with pregnancy. It may help you sleep better, increase your blood circulation (reducing swelling and the likelihood of varicose veins), and boost your energy levels as you are in a constant battle against pregnancy fatigue.

1. Stationary cycling

Cycling on a stationary bike, also called spinning, is safe for most women during pregnancy, including first-time exercisers.

Advantages include:

Cycling helps raise the heart rate while minimizing stress on the joints and pelvis.

The bike helps support body weight.

As the bike is stationary, the risk of falling is low.

Later in pregnancy, a higher handlebar may be more comfortable.

2. Brisk walking

If pre pregnancy exercise levels were low, a quick stroll around the neighborhood is a good way to start.

This activity has several advantages:

It provides a cardiovascular workout with relatively little impact on the knees and ankles.

If women start from home, it is free.

It is possible to walk almost anywhere and at any time during pregnancy.

Friends and other family members can join the company.

Safety tip: Stay safe by choosing smooth surfaces, wearing supportive footwear to prevent falls, and avoiding potholes, rocks, and other obstacles.

3. Low impact aerobics

In low impact aerobic exercise, at least one foot stays on the ground at all times.

This type of exercise can:

Strengthen the heart and lungs

Help maintain muscle tone and balance

Limit stress on the joints

Some classes are designed especially for pregnant women. They can be a good way to meet other people and train with an instructor who is qualified to meet the specific needs of pregnant women.

Women who already attend a regular aerobics class should let the instructor know that they are pregnant. The instructor can then modify exercises where necessary and advise about suitable movements.

4. Yoga

Prenatal yoga classes can help women keep their joints limber and maintain flexibility. Yoga may also help with pain and stress management, according to one study.

The benefits of yoga include:

Strengthening the muscles

Stimulating blood circulation

Helping maintain a healthy blood pressure

Increasing flexibility

Enhancing relaxation

Teaching techniques to help women stay calm during labor and delivery

Safety tips: As pregnancy progresses, consider skipping poses that:

May lead to overbalancing

Involve lying on the abdomen

Involve spending time lying flat on the back

When lying flat on the back, the weight of the bump can put pressure on major veins and arteries and decrease blood flow to the heart. This reduced blood flow can lead to faintness.

Women should also take care to avoid overstretching, as this could lead to injury.

5. Swimming

Swimming, walking in water, and aqua aerobics allow for motion without putting pressure on the joints. Buoyancy may offer some relief from the extra body weight as the pregnancy progresses.

It is important to choose a stroke that feels comfortable and does not strain or hurt the neck, shoulders, or back muscles. Breaststroke may be a good choice for this. Using a kickboard can help strengthen the leg and buttock muscles.

Safety tips:

Use the railing for balance when entering the water to avoid slipping.

Refrain from diving or jumping, which could impact the abdomen.

Avoid warm pools, steam rooms, hot tubs, and saunas to minimize the risk of overheating.

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The Perfect Time to Have A Baby

Once you and your partner decide you want to have a baby, daydreaming about your new family—and the fun you’ll have creating it—might be consuming most of your thoughts these days. And while you’ve probably heard from most people with children that you’re “never completely ready to have a baby,” there are a few discussion points you and your guy should cover before you get pregnant. If you’re not ready to tackle these issues, you may not be ready to get pregnant.

Time to get pregnant

Although there’s no magic formula for deciding the right time to try and conceive, there are some reasons that may sound compelling but aren’t very good factors to base your decision on.

Because all your friends or coworkers seem to be having babies?

Because your parents are getting older and you want them to be grandparents?

Because you’ve reached the age at which you always planned on starting to build a family?

Being very happy in your job and marriage help make for an “ideal time” to opt for parenthood, even though pregnancy and childbirth can radically change both. After all, it’s easier to prepare to give a great deal of yourself to another person when you’re feeling good about yourself, your circumstances, and your partner.

Health check

Meet with your doctor for a pregnancy planning checkup. If you have any underlying health problems like diabetes, high blood pressure, asthma, or depression, get them under control.

Make sure you exercise, eat healthy, and lose any extra pounds. If you smoke, drink, or use illegal drugs, stop. Mother’s health has a strongly effect on their babies

Finance in a good shape

Finance is a really important thing that you should be concerned about when you tend to have a baby. we all know babies are expensive. But you should be discussing whether one of you is going to stay home with the baby or whether a junior will be in daycare (or with a nanny, family member, etc.) as all can be expensive options. How about food, diapers and other baby needs? You need to prepare a fund which can afford these things.

It’s probably a good time to redo your budget and realize there might be other things you won’t be able to afford when it was just the two of you, like vacations, expensive shoes, and lavish gifts. Coming to terms with your “family budget” and how you’ll be spending your money before and after baby is an important discussion to have now.

Job’s maternity policy?

It’s worth reviewing this now so you have a better idea of how much time you’re allowed, what your pay will be when you’re on leave, whether this year’s vacation time can roll over into your maternity leave, and so on, says Twenge. Maternity policies vary widely so it’s best to know what your company’s rules are. Check out his paternity policy and what those options would be as well. If his company allows him leave, you might want to plan the timing so he’s home with the baby once you go back to work.

Is Your Partner Ready?

It’s not uncommon for one member of a couple to feel ready before the other does. Sometimes, this offers both members some balance—with one pushing ahead and the other holding back a bit, they may arrive at a pace that feels right for both of them. Assuming that you know your partner wants to become a parent, but you fear he may not be ready, you need to explore what might be holding him back. If you’re planning to be at home with the baby or to take an extended maternity leave, he may be feeling pressured to earn enough to support the family. Or he may be reflecting back upon his experiences with his own father, wondering if he can measure up or fearing that he will repeat his father’s mistakes.

Be sensitive, also, to the possibility that your partner may be reluctant to share your love, affection, and attention with a child. Each of these concerns should be something that you talk about together and, if needed, with a trusted therapist or in a couples’ group.

How Do You Know You’ll Be a Good Parent?

We live in a society that idealizes parenthood and puts tremendous pressure on couples to be exemplary parents. Walk into any bookstore and see the array of parenting guidebooks, ranging from those that focus on early childhood to the piles of publications about how to get older kids into the best colleges. Little wonder that before a child is even conceived, women and men may worry that they’re not up to the job.

It’s crucial that you take some of the pressure off yourself. Everyone has certain strengths and weaknesses as a parent, just as they have these strengths and weaknesses in any endeavor in life. What truly matters is being honest, and accepting the many feelings—from ambivalence, anger, and frustration to joy, pride, and satisfaction—that the future is bound to include.

How Can My Partner and I Prepare for the Changes We’ll Face?

Pregnancy and parenthood are both “on the job training” and hence, something you can never really “prepare” for. If you feel strongly about any issues, though, you should talk about them as a couple. Together you should decide how you feel about the fact that getting pregnant may not come easily, and what you want to do if it doesn’t. You should talk about whether or not you want to share with friends and family that you’re trying, or wait until much later in the process (like the end of your first trimester).

And for the longer term, you should discuss how you feel about being a dual career family or whether you want or can afford to have one of you stay at home. But even the best-laid plans may change, so don’t mistake preferences for hard-and-fast rules.

After all, you’re planning to make a lifelong commitment to a total stranger. Daunting isn’t it! That’s what parenthood is: a giant leap of faith. And people have been happily taking that leap for thousands and thousands of years.

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How To Manage Time With A Baby

One of the challenges you face when having children is how to manage your time effectively. Every family will have different activities, so if everything is well organized and effective time management will make life easier for the whole family.

Prepare

You need to spend some time and energy to organize things in order and with long-term use. Using your time effectively will benefit your life in many ways. Things in the house will be more orderly and will allow you time to spend better health. Effective time management will save you money such as weekly market money as well as use a reasonable budget.

By spending more time planning daily and weekly tasks, you will find everything smoother. Ideally setting aside 15 minutes every night to prepare for tomorrow or 15 minutes each morning is fine. However, if your baby gets into the habit of waking up early, 15 minutes a night seems easier.

Organization

The truth is, if you get organized, your life will be easier. When you have kids, though, you tend to put everything on you. Once in a while, when your baby gets sick, you can lose sleep and all plans are messed up. If you have tried to organize things in place before, you will be less stressed when there is a sudden incident.

You can have a grocery list on the refrigerator door ready. This helps you to always prepare meals quickly and without having to go shopping. You can also quickly defrost stored food when needed.

Simple ways like making a weekly grocery list will make shopping easier. It will take you less time to think and make decisions and reduce excess food waste.

Dividing your plan for cleaning the house depending on the day of the week will help you not to have to turn off the dark side on weekends. Weekends should be spent with family time instead of trying to clean everything up

Schedule to take care of yourself

When you have children, you will forget to spend time with yourself, when it is essential. To be able to do that, you need to be organized and flexible. Continuously meeting all of your child’s needs while working and taking care of the house can be overwhelming.

It is important that you schedule all activities including taking care of yourself and exercising. Also, make sure to arrange extra time with family and friends.

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Exercises to Help Baby Get Strong

Babies are born with weak muscles and bones. In their early years, it is very important that you help them promote their muscular development. According to paediatricians, we as parents need to help our babies build flexibility, coordination, and strength with some age-appropriate routines and activities. This will help them walk sooner and with more confidence.

Healthy muscles and bones are an indicator of overall health. If your baby has good muscular strength and healthy bones, chances are he will also learn to crawl, walk and run about faster!

Once your baby has been weaned off breastfeeding, it is advisable to introduce him to strengthening foods rich in calcium, Vitamin-D and protein. Some of these include chicken, spinach, cheese and fruits.

However, it is not sufficient to just depend on a healthy diet to make your baby stronger; you also need to start some important physical exercises. Yes, even babies as young as two months old need some amount of physical activity to become stronger

 

1. Give Your Baby Tummy Time

This is the most common of all trunk strengthening exercises for babies suggested by paediatricians. Simply put your newborn on his tummy after every feeding. This act builds the core muscles of your baby’s tummy. There are many variations to this, such as:

Place your baby on a blanket so he can also get some floor-time and explore his surroundings

Place your baby on the tummy between both of your knees. This also helps the baby to release trapped gas

 

Place your baby on daddy’s tummy! This is a fun and very useful variation of tummy time that can be done after you’ve breastfed the baby, or in the evening time before bed [Bonus: this also strengthens the emotional bond between the father and baby. We recommend you definitely ask your husband to try this out!]

Tip: Remember that whenever your child is not lying on the back, he is working on increasing his head control and neck strength. So, minimize lying downtime after your child is 2- 3 months old and make sure that your baby is getting exposure to enough physical activity.

2. Help Your Baby Sit-Up

Age: 4 Months (or when a baby is able to support her head)

This is how to do it: Place a blanket on the bed and then place the baby on the blanket. Then, hold the blanket on each side slightly above the head, with your baby in the middle of your arms. Slowly lift the blanket so your baby comes to a sitting position, then lower it back down again. This is a very simple and safe exercise to help your baby gain upper body strength.

 

This little core exercise really helps babies as they start crawling, standing and walking.

Lay your baby down and let him pull himself up and put him back down.

Let your baby lead this exercise as it strengthens his core.

After doing this exercise, a baby gets better at sitting up.

Daily exercise also helps babies sleep better and stay happier all day!

3. Baby Massage Complex Exercises

Age: 0 Months Onwards

Massage is one age-old trick that never fails! The benefits of an oil massage are now well accepted by doctors, and it can definitely help make your baby’s muscles and bones stronger. You can start massaging your baby’s body early – as early as a week or two old. There are a few movements/exercises that you should do as part of baby massage in order to build the baby’s strength:

Hold your baby’s wrists and lift the baby off the massage table (just a few centimetres). This exercise helps the development of the cervical spine

 

Place your baby on the tummy, his knees spread apart but his feet together. Press the baby’s feet with your thumbs. Voila! Your baby will try to push himself forward. This exercise is very useful for leg muscle development

After the massage, keep your palm on the baby’s chest and press lightly. This helps eliminate congestion from the lungs and increases ventilation, both of which are good for overall respiratory strength

Note: Make sure you do NOT use rigorous or high-pressure strokes. Only a gentle massage using skin-friendly baby oil is beneficial for your baby’s improved blood circulation, and in turn, bodily strength. Refer to this guide on baby massage when in doubt.

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