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The 10 Best Ways to Burn Fat

Having a healthy, toned body is what everyone wants. However, it can be difficult to lose excess fat for some people.

In addition to diet and exercise, numerous other factors can influence weight and fat loss.

Luckily, there are plenty of simple steps you can take to increase fat burning, quickly and easily.

Here are 10 of the best ways to burn fat quickly and promote weight loss.

1. Start Strength Training

Strength training is a type of exercise that requires you to contract your muscles against resistance. It builds muscle mass and increases strength.

Most commonly, strength training involves lifting weights to gain muscle over time.

Research has found strength training to have multiple health benefits, especially when it comes to burning fat.

In one study, strength training reduced visceral fat in 78 people with metabolic syndrome. Visceral fat is a type of dangerous fat that surrounds the organs in the belly

Another study showed that 12 weeks of strength training paired with aerobic exercise was more effective at reducing body fat and belly fat than aerobic exercise alone .

Resistance training may also help preserve fat-free mass, which can increase the number of calories your body burns at rest

According to one review, 10 weeks of resistance training could help increase calories burned at rest by 7% and may reduce fat weight by 4 pounds (1.8 kg) Doing body-weight exercises, lifting weights or using gym equipment are a few easy ways to get started with strength training.

Working out at the gym.

2. Squeeze in More Sleep

Going to bed a bit earlier or setting your alarm clock a little later can help boost fat burning and prevent weight gain.

Several studies have found an association between getting enough sleep and weight loss.

One study of 68,183 women showed that those who slept five or fewer hours per night over a period of 16 years were more likely to gain weight than those who slept for longer than seven hours per night.

Another study showed that better sleep quality and getting at least seven hours of sleep per night increased the likelihood of successful weight loss by 33% in 245 women enrolled in a six-month weight loss program.

Other research shows that a lack of sleep may contribute to alterations in hunger hormones, increased appetite and a higher risk of obesity.

Although everyone needs a different amount of sleep, most studies have found that getting at least seven hours of sleep per night is associated with the most benefits when it comes to body weight.

Stick to a regular sleep schedule, limit your intake of caffeine and minimize your use of electronic devices before bed to help support a healthy sleep cycle.

3. Add Vinegar to Your Diet

Vinegar is well known for its health-promoting properties.

In addition to its potential effects on heart health and blood sugar control, increasing your intake of vinegar may help bump up fat burning, according to some research.

One study found that consuming 1–2 tablespoons (15–30 ml) of vinegar daily reduced people’s body weight, belly fat and average waist circumference over a 12-week period.

Consuming vinegar has also been shown to enhance feelings of fullness and reduce appetite.

Another small study of 11 people showed that adding vinegar to the diet reduced daily calorie intake by up to 275 calories.

It’s easy to incorporate vinegar into your diet. For example, many people dilute apple cider vinegar with water and drink it as a beverage a few times per day with meals.

However, if drinking vinegar straight doesn’t sound appealing, you can also use it to make dressings, sauces and marinades.

4. Follow a High-Protein Diet

Including more protein-rich foods in your diet is an effective way to reduce your appetite and burn more fat.

In fact, multiple studies have found that eating more high-quality protein is associated with a lower risk of belly fat.

One study also showed that a high-protein diet can help preserve muscle mass and metabolism during weight loss.

Upping your protein intake may also increase feelings of fullness, decrease appetite and reduce calorie intake to aid in weight loss.

Try incorporating a few servings of high-protein foods into your diet each day to help amp up fat burning.

Some examples of protein-rich foods include meat, seafood, eggs, legumes and dairy product

5. Eat More Healthy Fats

Although it may seem counterintuitive, increasing your intake of healthy fats may actually help prevent weight gain and help you maintain feelings of fullness.

Fat takes a while to digest and can help slow the emptying of the stomach, which can reduce appetite and hunger.

One study found that following a Mediterranean diet rich in healthy fats from olive oil and nuts was associated with a lower risk of weight gain compared to a low-fat diet.

Another small study found that when people on a weight loss diet took two tablespoons (30 ml) of coconut oil daily, they lost more belly fat than those who were given soybean oil.

Meanwhile, unhealthy types of fat like trans fats have been shown to increase body fat, waist circumference and belly fat in human and animal studies.

Olive oil, coconut oil, avocados, nuts and seeds are just a few examples of healthy types of fat that may have beneficial effects on fat burning.

However, keep in mind that healthy fat is still high in calories, so moderate how much you consume. Instead of eating more fat overall, try swapping the unhealthy fats in your diet for these healthy fat varieties.

6. Drink Healthier Beverages

Swapping out sugar-sweetened drinks for some healthier selections is one of the easiest ways to increase fat burning.

For example, sugar-sweetened beverages like soda and juice are packed with calories and offer little nutritional value.

Alcohol is also high in calories and has the added effect of lowering your inhibitions, making you more likely to overeat (22Trusted Source).

Studies have found that consuming both sugar-sweetened beverages and alcohol is associated with a higher risk of belly fat (23Trusted Source, 24Trusted Source).

Limiting your intake of these beverages can help reduce your calorie intake and keep your waistline in check.

Instead, opt for calorie-free beverages like water or green tea.

In one small, 12-week study, drinking 17 ounces (500 ml) of water before meals increased weight loss by 4.4 pounds (2 kg), compared to a control group (25Trusted Source).

Green tea is another great option. It contains caffeine and is rich in antioxidants, both of which may help increase fat burning and enhance metabolism (26Trusted Source, 27Trusted Source).

For instance, one study in 12 adults showed that green tea extract increased fat burning by 12% compared to a placebo (28Trusted Source).

Trading in even just one or two servings of high-calorie beverages for a glass of water or a cup of green tea is a simple way to promote fat burning.

7. Cut Down on Refined Carbs

Decreasing your intake of refined carbohydrates may help you lose extra fat.

During processing, refined grains are stripped of their bran and germ, resulting in a final product that’s low in fiber and nutrients.

Refined carbs also tend to have a higher glycemic index, which can cause spikes and crashes in blood sugar levels, resulting in increased hunger.

Studies show that a diet high in refined carbs may be associated with increased belly fat.

Conversely, a diet high in whole grains has been associated with a lower body mass index and body weight, plus a smaller waist circumference.

One study in 2,834 people also showed that those with higher intakes of refined grains tended to have a higher amount of disease-promoting belly fat, while those who ate more whole grains tended to have a lower amount .

For the best results, reduce your intake of refined carbs from pastries, processed foods, pastas, white breads and breakfast cereals. Replace them with whole grains such as whole wheat, quinoa, buckwheat, barley and oats.

8. Increase Your Cardio

Cardio, also known as aerobic exercise, is one of the most common forms of exercise and is defined as any type of exercise that specifically trains the heart and lungs.

Adding cardio to your routine may be one of the most effective ways to enhance fat burning.

For example, one review of 16 studies found that the more aerobic exercise people got, the more belly fat they lost.

Other studies have found that aerobic exercise can increase muscle mass and decrease belly fat, waist circumference and body fat.

Most research recommends between 150–300 minutes of moderate to vigorous exercise weekly, or roughly 20–40 minutes of cardio each day.

Running, walking, cycling and swimming are just a few examples of some cardio exercises that can help burn fat and kick-start weight loss.

9. Fill up on Fiber

Soluble fiber absorbs water and moves through the digestive tract slowly, helping you feel fuller for longer.

According to some studies, increasing your intake of high-fiber foods may protect against weight gain and fat accumulation.

One study of 1,114 adults found that for each 10-gram increase in soluble fiber intake per day, participants lost 3.7% of their belly fat over a five-year period, even without any other changes in diet or exercise.

Another review also found that increasing fiber intake promoted feelings of fullness and decreased hunger. In fact, an increase of 14 grams of fiber per day was associated with a 10% decrease in calorie intake.

Not only that, but it was also linked to nearly 4.4 pounds (2 kg) of weight loss over a four-month period.

Fruits, vegetables, legumes, whole grains, nuts and seeds are a few examples of high-fiber foods that can boost fat burning and weight loss.

10. Add Probiotics to Your Diet

Probiotics are a type of beneficial bacteria found in your digestive tract that have been shown to improve many aspects of health.

In fact, the bacteria in your gut have been shown to play a role in everything from immunity to mental health.

Increasing your intake of probiotics through either food or supplements may also help rev up fat burning and keep your weight under control.

One review of 15 studies showed that people who took probiotics experienced significantly larger reductions in body weight, fat percentage and body mass index compared to those who took a placebo.

Another small study showed that taking probiotic supplements helped people following a high-fat, high-calorie diet prevent fat and weight gain.

Certain strains of probiotics in the genus Lactobacillus may be especially effective at aiding weight and fat loss.

One study in 28 people showed that eating yogurt containing either Lactobacillus fermentum or Lactobacillus amylovorus bacteria reduced body fat by 3–4%.

Taking supplements is a quick and easy way to get in a concentrated dose of probiotics every day.

Alternatively, you can try adding some probiotic-rich foods to your diet, such as kefir, tempeh, natto, kombucha, kimchi and sauerkraut.

The Bottom Line
There are plenty of options available to help you shed excess fat and improve your health.

Incorporating some healthy habits into your routine and switching up your diet can make a big difference. Even minor changes to your lifestyle can have powerful effects on fat burning.

Be sure to pair these simple tips with a nutritious, well-rounded diet and active lifestyle to simultaneously boost fat breakdown and improve your overall health.

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7 Best Tip For Long Hair

To have beautiful hair you need to know the proper care. Based on the tips below, you will know how to create a beautiful and vibrant haircut.

1. Use the right hair brush:

A boar bristle brush or a wet brush should be your best friend! With long hair, It’s super important that your hair brush helps smooth the hair shaft, to minimize any breakage. A natural fiber brush, like the boar bristle, helps to minimize friction when brushing. Therefore, the hair doesn’t get caught on any knots, leaving the hair smooth and silky without pulling out hair strands.

The trusty wet brush also does a fantastic job as the bristles bend around any tangles putting less stress on the hair.

How to get long hair

Start at the ends of the hair and work your way up rather than top down. This ensures no pressure is put on the roots, minimizing damage. Make sure you only ever use a wide-tooth comb when the hair is wet. Brushing when damp can cause a lot of damage as it stretches the strands rather than separates them.

2. Use a heat protectant:

It goes without saying – we all know we should use one, but it’s such an easy-to-forget step, that really makes a difference! A heat protectant wraps the hair shaft, forming a protective barrier, thus preventing damage and ensuring your style is sleek and frizz free. We did a post here on the best natural heat protectant oils that you can use. The article goes into detail about how heat protectants works and the benefits you can expect from using different natural oils. Do yourself and your hair a favour – use those tips!

3. Use hair bands that don’t pull at the root:

The 80’s scrunchy is back and secretly your hair couldn’t be more happy about it! Using a band like a scrunchy, or the plastic coil type, means you hair is not pulled at the root. This makes sure the hair isn’t under any unnecessary stress, keeping the strands strong and resilient. Cue the Madonna music if you choose to rock the scrunchy!

4. Use a deeply hydrating treatment twice a week:

If style your hair with heat, you will already know the benefits of using a deep hydrating treatments to replenish any lost moisture. A favorite DIY of ours is the coconut honey mask for your hair.

The same effect can also be achieved by using an oil high in vitamin E, such as olive or avocado oil. To get the best results, gently warm the oil in a pan on a low heat and apply to your hair. Wrap in a warm towel and wash out after fourth five minutes. The heated oil allows it to be more easily absorbed into the hair, boosting its effective qualities. Check out this blog post on best 5 oils for your hair to learn more!

5. Use a hair wrap or an old t-shirt instead of a towel to dry:

It may seem slightly simplistic, but those with curly hair are already in the know when it comes to this well tested trick. Rather than a waffle brushed cotton towel, use a smooth fabric, such as cotton or linen, to get rid of excess moisture before heat styling. This way the hair shaft is not caused to fray when you wrap it to dry. The strands are kept sleeker within the fabric, reducing the likelihood of frizz or damage. Read more tips on how to get rid of frizzy hair here.

6. Try not to over-wash your hair:

Your hair’s natural oils are designed to condition and protect your tresses, so when you shampoo daily, it strips these vital oils away. It creates a vicious cycle of over-production of oils and a need to shampoo very often. Ideally, to keep your hair healthy, you only need to wash two to three times a week. Invest in a good natural dry shampoo to help tide you over until your next wash and add volume and texture. By the way, there are probably a few more things you didn’t know you were doing wrong with your hair – read all about that here.

7. Wash your hair the right way:

Healthy, beautiful, shiny hair starts in the shower! Firstly: it’s important how you wash your hair. Do you reach for a large dollop of shampoo and scrunch it into the ends of your hair? If you answered yes (probably just like the majority of us would), then you should know shampooing the scalp ONLY is the right way to do it. That’s where most of the oil buildup happens, and it’s important to massage the shampoo into the scalp gently with your fingers (not nails!) to get rid of it. Giving your head an invigorating massage as you shampoo is a good way to encourage blood circulation and helps to detoxify the scalp. Then, use conditioner along the length of your hair to restore moisture.

Try and keep the water cool when rinsing, blasting your scalp with extremely hot water dries out your hair and create tangles that could result in breakage.
So there you have it, our long haired beauties. Long, beautiful hair definitely takes dedication, patience, and care – but the results are oh so worth it!

8. Use a low-heat setting for hairdrying and point the nozzle down, not sideways:

As a general rule of thumb, one of the worst things you can do for your hair is overheat it with excessive blow-drying. If you want to avoid dry and damaged locks, you need to either rein in how often you use a hairdryer or pay attention to how you’re using it, and make sure to apply heat protection products beforehand.

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Hand Skin Care Model Standard With Only 5 Tips

When you think of skin care, your think of your face. The only area of your body that’s often neglected in skin care is your hands, and experts say they’re more than deserving of a routine too.

The hands rarely get an adequate amount of TLC, and that’s exactly why they often end up looking much older than other areas of your body as you age. We forget that we need to exfoliate our hands and moisturize them just as we would our face. Hands also tend to be dryer than our faces because they have fewer sebaceous glands, which produce sebum, an oily substance that helps protect the skin by keeping it lubricated and waterproof.”

Ditch the Cuticle Cutters

My number one most important hand-care tip is to ditch the cuticle cutters and use a cuticle cream or oil. Cutting your cuticles can make them grow tougher and more jagged if it’s not done properly. The cuticle is like the root of your nail—if you want healthy and long nails, you need to start taking care of your cuticles. All you need to do is use cuticle oil or cream and gently push back your cuticles occasionally.

DIY an Overnight (Hand) Mask

My next tip is a hand-model mainstay for getting your hands extra moisturized: The night before a shoot I generously slather my hands in lotions, as well as the all-important cuticle oil, and then slip my gooey hands into cotton overnight gloves. This makes them retain the moisture all night, and you wake up with incredibly soft hands.

Try Paraffin Wax

If your hands ever crack or get especially dry in the winter you might want to look into a paraffin wax treatment. My mom introduced me to them, and I actually really like doing it. You dip your hands (or your feet) several times in melted warm paraffin wax, let the wax harden around your hands, and then slip on these towel-like mittens to keep in the warmth. After about 10-15 minutes, or when the wax has completely hardened and cooled, you just crack off the wax, and your skin feels crazy soft and rehydrated.

Remove Glitter Polish

This is a trick I picked up from manicurists on set when they were removing bright polish, a complicated nail art design, or even glitter polish. If you soak cotton balls in nail polish remover and let them rest on your painted nails for a little while it’ll loosen the polish. Then, if you squeeze the cotton balls down and pull them off the nail, the majority of the polish should come off. Sometimes rubbing off dark polishes can stain your skin or even push pigment under your cuticles, so this is a better solution.

Buff Away Stains

Now this tip might seem a bit obvious, but I cannot stress it enough: ALWAYS use a base coat when you’re painting your nails anything colorful. Unfortunately, this is something I learned the hard way. There is nothing more frustrating than waiting for weirdly stained and nasty looking nails to grow out. I like to use Sally Hansen’s Double Duty Base Coat and Top Coat because it’s two-in-one and doesn’t chip. I also use this as a clear coat because it feels like it makes my nails a little stronger.

If you do accidentally stain your nails, there are a few things you can do to minimize the damage. First, lightly buff the surface of your nails with a fine grit nail buff to help remove the stains—typically stains are only on the superficial layers of your nails, so buffing them can make a big difference (just remember buffing can also make your nails thinner and weaker if you do it too aggressively, so go easy!). After gently buffing, scrub your nails with a soft toothbrush and a mixture of peroxide, baking soda, and lemon juice to help clean out any residual stains.

A great way to “cheat” whiter edges on your nails is to use a whitening pencil—it’s not permanent, but it is a helpful quick fix.

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How Much and When to Feed Baby

All babies develop at different rates, but these guidelines suggest what to feed your infant and when to feed it.

Wondering if you’re feeding your baby enough breast milk, formula, or solid food? We broke down some suggested feeding guidelines—but keep in mind that all infants require different amounts depending on body weight, appetite, and age. Ask your pediatrician if you’re unsure.

Newborn-6 Months

Newborns should receive all calories from breast milk or formula. Here’s a tentative breakdown.

Breast Milk: Most newborns eat every two to three hours, according to the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP), and they drink 1-2 ounces of breastmilk per feeding. Two-month-old babies generally take 4-5 ounces every three-four hours, while 6-month-olds eat around 8 ounces every four-five hours. Check out this article to learn if your baby is getting enough breast milk.

Formula: A formula-fed infant will take about 2 to 3 ounces per feeding, and she’ll eat every three to four hours, according to the AAP. Generally, the amount will increase by 1 ounce per month. As a guideline, feed your baby 2.5 ounces of formula per pound of body weight, says Amy Lynn Stockhausen, M.D., an associate professor of general pediatrics and adolescent medicine at the University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health.

Most experts recommend starting solids around four-six months, depending on readiness. You should never introduce solids before a baby turns 4 months old.

6-8 Months

When a baby is 6 to 8 months old, nearly all of her calories should still come from breast milk or formula, says Natalie Muth, M.D., R.D.N., coauthor of The Picky Eater Project. Aim to feed

Baby around 32 to 36 ounces of formula daily, or give him breast milk every three to four hours.

Since Baby is still getting most of his calories from liquid, don’t stress about getting him to eat bite after bite of solid food. Feed up to two meals daily (and as little as one every couple of days), with each meal 2 to 4 tablespoons. Offer foods such as iron-fortified single-grain baby cereal, and pureed vegetables, fruits, meats. (To identify possible allergic reactions or digestive issues, don’t introduce more than one food at a time.)

Around 6-9 months, you should also start offering finger foods like strained vegetables, fruit, yogurt, cottage cheese, and casseroles. “One of the things I really like about casseroles is that if the child likes the base flavor, you can add a bunch of other vegetables to it, and he’s often fine with it,” says Alan Greene, M.D., author of Feeding Baby Green, who makes a pasta casserole in red sauce for his family.

9-12 Months

Once a baby reaches 9 to 12 months, aim to feed 16 to 24 ounces of formula daily, or give her breast milk every four to five hours. “By 9 to 12 months, about half of your baby’s calories should come from food and the other half from breast milk or formula,” Dr. Muth says.

Babies at this age tend to have an adventurous palate—they’ve learned eating tastes good, so don’t be afraid to give her chopped-up nibbles from your plate. If she wants more, feed her more, but if she pushes food away, don’t take it personally.

Babies like to play with their food, so also consider using yogurt or oatmeal as a dip for vegetables or whole-grain crackers. Just remember to chop or dice foods and to avoid those that are small, round, hard, or the size of a child’s airway.

After 12 Months

“After the first birthday, most of the calories your baby consumes should come from finely chopped table food,” Dr. Muth says. To meet his calcium needs, serve whole milk in a sippy cup at meals and with snacks. Toddlers should drink about 2 to 3 cups a day. Aiming for set meal and snack times can also pay off, since he’ll be more hungry and thus willing to try new things.

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Feeding Your Newborn: Tips For New Parents

Feeding your newborn: Tips for new parents

One of the most common questions new parents have is how often their baby should eat. The best answer is surprisingly simple: in general, babies should be fed whenever they seem hungry.

How do I know when my baby is hungry?

For babies born prematurely​ or with certain medical conditions, scheduled feedings advised by your pediatrician are best. But for most healthy, full-term infants, parents can look to their baby rather than the clock for hunger cues. This is called feeding on demand, or responsive feeding.

Most newborns need eight to 12 feedings a day — about one feeding every two to three hours.

Hunger cues

A hungry baby often will cry. But it’s best to watch for hunger cues before the baby starts crying, which is a late sign of hunger and can make it hard for them to settle down and eat.

Other typical hunger cues include:

Licking lips

Sticking tongue out

Rooting (moving jaw and mouth or head in search of breast)

Putting his/her hand to mouth repeatedly

Opening her mouth

Fussiness

Sucking on everything around

It is important to realize, however, that every time your baby cries or sucks it is not necessarily because he or she is hungry. Babies suck not only for hunger, but also for comfort; it can be hard at first for parents to tell the difference. Sometimes, your baby just needs to be cuddled or changed.

Stick with breast milk or formula

Breast milk is the ideal food for babies — with rare exceptions. If breast-feeding isn’t possible, use infant formula. Healthy newborns don’t need cereal, water, juice or other fluids.

What are the benefits of breastfeeding?

For your baby

Any amount of breastfeeding is beneficial, even if you choose to provide breastmilk alongside formula.

Breastmilk helps:
improved immunity to many infectious diseases, due to the antibodies in breast milk
support a healthy weight and prevention of obesity
reduce the risk of sudden unexplained death in infancy (SUDI)

For mother

Breastmilk helps:
your uterus contract and return to its pre-pregnant size
prevent a range of health issues such as heart disease, breast and ovarian cancer, and type 2 diabetes

Concerns About Overfeeding or Underfeeding:

Too full?

Babies are usually pretty good at eating the right amount, but they can sometimes take in more than they need. Infants who are bottle feeding may be more likely to overfeed, because drinking from a bottle may take less effort than breastfeeding.

Overfed babies can have stomach pains, gas, spit up or vomit and be at higher risk for obesity later in life. It’s better to offer less, since you can always give more if your baby wants it.

This also gives babies time to realize when they’re full.

If you are concerned your baby wants to eat all the time―even when he or she is full―talk with your pediatrician. Pacifiers may be used after feeding to help sooth healthy-weight babies who like to suck for comfort, rather than nutrition. For babies who are breastfed, it’s best to wait to offer pacifiers until around 3 to 4 weeks of age, when breastfeeding is well-established.

Trouble gaining weight?

Most babies will double their birth weight by 5 months of age and triple their birth weight by their first birthday. If your baby is having trouble gaining weight, don’t wait too long between feeding―even if it means waking your baby. Be sure to talk with your pediatrician about how often and how much to feed your baby.

How do I know if my baby is getting enough to eat?

Daily diapers

A newborn’s diaper is a good indicator of whether he or she is getting enough to eat. In the first few days after birth, a baby should have 2 to 3 wet diapers each day. After the first 4 to 5 days, a baby should have at least 5 to 6 wet diapers a day. Stool frequency is more variable and depends whether your baby is breast or formula fed.

Growth charts

During regular health check-ups, your pediatrician will check your baby’s weight and plot it on a growth chart. Your baby’s progress on the growth chart is one way to tell whether or not he or she is getting enough food. Babies who stay in healthy growth percentile ranges are probably getting a healthy amount of food during feedings.

Top tips for deciding how to feed your baby

Speak with your maternity care provider about what’s right for you. Try not to make any firm decisions until after your baby is born.

Understand that breastfeeding is a skill that every mother and baby can learn, and it can take time to build confidence and to get to know each other.

Only you know what’s right for you and your baby. If you give your baby the nutrition they need, you don’t need to justify which option you choose.

Be patient with yourself and your baby as you both learn what’s involved in feeding.

Remember, what’s important is that your baby is content and gets the nutrition they need to grow and thrive.

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Important Tips for Parents- Newborn Baby Care

The first few months with your newborn can be chaotic and overwhelming for first-time parents. You will get all kinds of contradicting advice from everyone about newborn baby care. Deciding what advice to follow in regards to newborn care can be confusing. Caring for a newborn is exhausting and challenging, but it is also one of the most wonderful and rewarding experiences of your life.

1. Feeding

It is very important to feed the baby on time. A newborn has to be fed every 2 to 3 hours, which means you need to nurse her 8-12 times in 24 hours. An infant should be fed only breast milk for the first 6 months. Breast milk contains vital nutrients and antibodies that are required for a baby’s survival and growth. Nurse the baby for 10 minutes at least. Hold the breast near your baby’s lips until she latches on firmly and starts sucking. If the baby has latched on correctly, the mother will not experience any pain in her nipples. The breast should feel less full once the baby is done feeding. This is an indication that the baby is getting enough milk. In case breast milk is not an option, feed the baby with a doctor-recommended formula. The baby should get 60 to 90 ml of formula per feeding.

2. Burping

Once the baby is fed, she needs to be burped. Babies swallow air while feeding, which causes gas and colic in their tummies. Burping expels this excess air, thus aiding in digestion and preventing spit-ups and stomach colic. Gently hold the baby against your chest with one hand. Her chin should rest on your shoulder. Pat or stroke her back very gently with your other hand until she burps.

3. Diapering

Changing diapers frequently is an important aspect when taking care of a newborn baby after delivery. If your baby is getting sufficient breast milk or formula, she will wet at least 6 to 8 diapers in a day, along with regular bowel movements. Change her diaper frequently, as soon as it feels full. You may even have to change it at least 10 times a day. To change a dirty diaper, you will need a changing sheet, gentle diaper wipes, diaper rash cream or baby powder and fresh diapers. In order to prevent UTI, wipe your baby girl from front to back rather than back to front. And let your baby remain without a diaper for a few hours each day.

4. Bathing

Bathing a newborn is a delicate task. The bath is usually given 2-6 hours after birth in a healthy term baby weighing more than 2500 g. However, bathing can be delayed in certain situations such as winter. In a low birth weight infant, bathing should be delayed until the cord has fallen off. You should start bathing the baby 2 to 3 times a week after the cord stump dries and falls off. Make sure you have all the bathing and changing supplies ready before you take the baby for a bath. Bath time just before bedtime helps babies sleep more soundly. You will need an infant bathtub, lukewarm water, mild baby soap or body wash, a washcloth, soft towel, baby lotion or cream, new diaper, and fresh baby clothes. Get your partner or a family member to help, so that one person can hold the baby’s neck and head above the water while the other bathes the baby. Use soap sparingly. Clean the baby’s genitals, scalp, hair, neck, face, and any dried mucous that has collected around the nose with the washcloth. Rinse your baby’s body with lukewarm water. Once this is done, dry the baby’s body with a soft towel, apply lotion and put on a fresh diaper and baby clothes.

5. Massaging

Massaging is a great way to bond with your baby. It also helps in soothing the baby to sleep and in improving blood circulation and digestion. Spread a small quantity of baby oil or lotion on your hands. Next, gently and rhythmically stroke her body. Maintain eye contact with the baby and talk to her when massaging her body. A good time to massage the baby is before her bath.

6. Handling Your Newborn

There are a few things to keep in mind when playing with your baby. Never shake your baby as her internal organs are delicate and can be damaged by vigorous shaking. Do not throw the baby up into the air, as this can be dangerous. Always disinfect or wash your hands before handling the baby, as their immune systems are not fully developed, and they are vulnerable to infections. Ensure that your baby is fastened securely in a stroller, car seat, or baby carrier if you are taking her out. Make your baby lie on her tummy every day for a short while. This will make her neck and back muscles stronger. It will also improve her vision, as she will need to look up and sideways to see.

7. Sleeping

Newborns need to sleep for about 16 hours a day in the first 2 months. They usually take naps that are 2 to 4 hours long and wake up if they are hungry or wet. As the baby needs to be fed every 3 hours, you may need to wake her and feed her. Do not worry in case she does not follow the ideal newborn sleep pattern. Every baby is different and has a different sleep cycle. You should also remember to alternate your baby’s head position while she is sleeping. This prevents the formation of flat spots on the head. Make sure you put the baby to sleep on her back to avoid suffocation. A mother should try to take naps along with the baby. She can also use the time to have a bath or eat a meal peacefully while her baby is asleep.

8. How to Hold Your Newborn

It is very important to ensure that you are supporting your baby’s head and neck with one hand while holding her. This is because her neck muscles are not yet strong enough to hold up the head independently. The backbone is also still growing and becoming stronger. The neck will be able to support the head on its own only after 3 months of age. So pay attention to supporting your baby’s head and neck while taking care of a newborn baby.

9. Umbilical Cord Stump Care

An important aspect of newborn baby care in the 1st month is caring for the umbilical cord stump. Give a bath 2-6 hours after birth with lukewarm water in a healthy newborn. Keep the navel area clean and dry. Keep the baby’s diaper folded down so that the stump can dry. Disinfect your hands before handling the navel area. To clean, use a damp cloth and dry with a clean, absorbent cloth. Look out for signs of infection in the cord-stump area. If there is redness, swelling, smelly discharge or pus, and bleeding in the navel area, take the baby to a paediatrician.

10. Trimming Nails

Newborn nails grow very fast. The baby may scratch her own face or body with her hand movements. Hence, it is important to keep the baby’s nails trimmed. As the nails of a baby are soft, so use baby nail clippers. Try and trim the nails gently when the baby is asleep. Do not trim it too deeply as the nails are very tender and it could be painful for the baby. Do not trim the edges of the nails as this will cause ingrown nails.
New parents should seek help from family or friends so that they can rest and take care of themselves too. First-time parents of a newborn can be quite perplexed about several aspects of newborn baby care. This article will help new moms care for their newborns with confidence.

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How To Bath A New Born

Until the baby starts getting down and dirty on the ground, a daily bath isn’t needed. In fact, your newborn baby will only really need a bath two or three times a week — at first a sponge bath, until his umbilical cord stump heals (about one to four weeks after birth), then a baby tub bath, and eventually a tub bath, when baby can sit up on his own and outgrows the infant tub).

There’s nothing cuter than seeing a baby splashing in the bath, soapy suds dotting his chubby folds and dimples.

How often to give your newborn a bath

A bath 2-3 times a week is enough to keep your newborn clean. But if your baby really likes baths, your baby can bath once a day. Bathing more than this can dry out your baby’s skin.

You can keep your baby’s genitals clean between baths by using warm water and cotton wool.

About 5-10 minutes is long enough for a newborn bath. This is especially important if your baby has dry or sensitive skin.

When to give your newborn a bath

You can bath your baby at any time of the day. It’s a good idea to pick a time when you’re relaxed and you won’t be interrupted. And it’s best to avoid bathing your baby when the baby is hungry or straight after a feed.

If bathing relaxes your baby, you can use it as a way to settle your baby for sleep in the evening.

Where to bathe your newborn

You can give your newborn a bath in a small plastic bath or even in the kitchen sink. The kitchen sink might be easiest in the first few weeks. A plastic baby bath is probably easier once your baby gets bigger.

You can bath your baby in any room that’s warm, safe and clean – it doesn’t have to be a bathroom.

You can also shower with your baby. Keep your baby’s face away from the pouring water and make sure to use warm, not hot, water

Setting up a newborn bath

Here’s how to get ready for a newborn bath:

Take the phone off the hook or turn your phone off while bathing your baby. You’ll be less likely to get distracted.

Make sure you have everything you need within reach – for example, towel, washcloth, cream or ointment, clean clothes and clean nappy.

Avoid using soap because this will dry out your baby’s skin. If needed, use a fragrance-free oil or a gentle non-soap cleanser at the end of the bath.

Position the bath somewhere stable and at a height where you can comfortably hold your baby.

Fill the bath with just enough warm water to wash your baby. Use jugs of water to fill the bath if you’re planning to bath your baby away from the tap.

Take off your watch and jewellery and wash your hands.

Check the water temperature is 37-38°C before you put your baby in the bath. If you don’t have a thermometer, use your wrist or elbow to test the temperature – it should be comfortably warm, not hot.

Before bathing your baby in a sink, briefly run cold water through the tap once you’ve finished filling the bath.

Don’t add extra water while your baby is in the bath.

Giving your newborn a bath

These steps make bathing your newborn easy:

Before undressing your baby, wipe their eyelids (from inner eye to outer eye) with cotton wool dipped in lukewarm water. Squeeze out extra water. Use a new piece of cotton wool for each wipe.

Then wash the whole face. Be careful not to put anything into your baby’s ears or nose.

Undress your baby, taking the nappy off last.

Cradle your baby’s head and shoulders with one arm and support their body with your other arm. Gently lower your baby into the bath, feet first, keeping a close hold at all times.

Supporting your baby’s head, lay your baby down in the bath so the back of their head is in the water. Gently splash some water onto their head. You don’t need to use shampoo.

Gently wash your baby’s genitals and bottom last, using water only. Also clean out any bits of poo, vomit or milk from your baby’s body creases.

Drying and dressing your newborn after a bath

Here’s how to take your newborn out of the bath, ready for drying and dressing:

Supporting your baby’s head and neck, lift your baby out of the bath then place them on their back on a clean, dry, soft towel. If possible, dry your baby on the floor so they can’t fall. If you’re changing your baby on a raised surface like a table, keep one hand on your baby at all times.

Wrap your baby in a soft towel and pat baby dry. Dry baby’s skin creases, including armpits, groin, under the chin, around the neck and behind the ears.

If your baby’s skin is dry, apply a non-perfumed cream or ointment to your baby’s skin.

If your baby has nappy rash, apply a thick barrier cream like zinc paste to the nappy area.

Dress your baby, putting their nappy on first.

Place your baby in a safe place, like a cot or bassinet.

Empty the bath water.

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